Lichen Sclerosus – Treatment and Prevention of Lichen Sclerosus
Lichen sclerosus is a rare disease of unknown cause. It causes white patches on the skin that may lead to scarring and generally affects anal and genital areas. It can also occur on the skin of upper arms, upper body and breast. Lichen sclerosus may be caused as a result of hormonal changes, genetic traits or hyperactive immune system. It is non-contagious as it is not an infection. The treatment and prevention of lichen sclerosus are discussed below.
Lichen Sclerosus Treatment
Lichen sclerosus treatment is necessary only if the genital and anal areas are affected. The areas other than genital areas do not require any treatment as the symptoms subside themselves. Doctor may recommend medications to treat lichen sclerosus.
These are most commonly prescribed for treating lichen sclerosus. They include creams or ointments that are very effective and stop the itching without delay. The corticosteroid creams and ointments should be applied on the affected area everyday till the patches diminish. They also help in preventing the recurrence of the condition.
Other Treatment Methods
The other treatment methods the doctor may suggest if corticosteroids do not work effectively are:
- Ultraviolet radiation treatment only for non-genital areas
- Formulated sex hormones
- Medications that stimulate immune system
- Retinoids or vitamin-A drugs
- Circumcision i.e removal of foreskin in men
- Rarer options are laser therapy and chemotherapy but these treatment methods has side effects
These treatments improve the skin condition and thus make the skin appear normal. They also prevent further scarring.
Lichen Sclerosus Prevention
The following measures help to prevent the risk of lichen sclerosus. They include:
- Use moisturizer rather than a soap for washing and cleaning the genital areas.
- Do not go for bubble baths and don’t use perfumes, detergents or scented soaps to the genital areas as they cause irritation and worsen the symptoms.
- During sexual intercourse, use lubricants to lessen the pain.