Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – Treatment of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that leads to dementia and ultimately death. This disorder resembles other brain disorders like Alzheimer’s but this disorder progresses much rapidly. Some of the cases have been linked to contaminated beef. Although this condition is a serious one but occurs very rarely among the older adults. Throughout the world, one case person suffers from this disorder among one million people every year.
Treatment of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
Though there is no known cure for this disorder, the possible interventions given are for the symptoms. The treatment is given to slow down the progression of this disease. They include:
- Anti-anxiety drugs may be given to reduce the anxiety.
- In case of depression, a person can be given antidepressants.
- Medications can be given to control aggressive behaviors.
- Providing a safe environment and controlling an agitated behavior is the first priority.
- Meeting the physiologic needs may require monitoring and assistance at home or in a hospital.
- Family counseling can help the patient to recover and cope with these challenges.
- Visiting aides or nurses, homemakers, volunteer services and other community resources may be helpful in caring for the person with CJD.
- Behavior modification may be helpful, in some cases for controlling dangerous behaviors.
- Orientation with repeated reinforcement of the environment may help reduce disorientation.
Though these medications have not shown any benefit, doctors have focused on reducing the pain and other signs and symptoms related to this disorder and making the patient comfortable. Doctors have also advised for a diet that is free from gluten. This helps in preventing the disease from getting complicated. The main goal of treatment is a gluten free diet.