Head Injury – Causes and Symptoms of Head Injury

Head injury is a condition which leads to injury of the brain, skull or scalp. The injuries can be minor traumas of the skull to severe brain injuries. Head injuries can be open or closed. Open head injury means when you are hurt with an object that broke the skull and entered the brain. Closed head injury means when you have received a hard blow on the head from an object. Head injuries are sometimes accompanied with other organ systems injuries.

Head injuries are the common cause of deaths and physical or mental disabilities in the United States. It is estimated that about 50,000 million people die and about quarter million people get hospitalized every year because of head injuries.

Causes of Head Injury

Head injury can be caused as a result of the following factors

  • While playing sports
  • Accidents at outdoors, work or home
  • Physical assault
  • Falls
  • Accidents due to traffic

Certain head injuries result in serious brain damages that remain for longer period and cannot be reversed. The serious head injuries can cause the following conditions in an affected person:

  • Speech and language problems
  • Seizures
  • Paralysis
  • Loss or difficulty in smell, taste, vision, hearing or sensation
  • Chronic headaches
  • Coma

Symptoms of Head Injury
Symptoms of head injury may vary from none to coma. They may or may not occur immediately after the head injury. As the time passes the symptoms appear.

Initial symptoms of head injury include:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Confusion
  • Lethargy
  • Numbness of the body
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Paralysis
  • Speech difficulty
  • Bleeding from the ear
  • Leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from nose or ear
  • Difficulty in tolerating bright lights
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in concentrating and thinking
  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea

Later symptoms of head injury include:

  • Abnormal breathing
  • Low pulse rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Coma or loss of consciousness

Consult a medical professional if you develop any signs and symptoms of head injury or suspect any head injury. Even seek the medical professional if you happen to stop breathing, are in a confused state, lethargic, drowsy or become unconscious.

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