Manic Depression, Causes and Symptoms of Manic Depression
What is manic depression
When a person suffers from manic depression, it means that a person goes through mood swings that are “high” (manic) to very “low” (depressed). Bipolar disorder is another name for manic depression. This would mean that a person’s mood keeps alternating between extreme “poles” of high “manic and low “depression”. This is a disorder of the brain which causes abnormal changes in a person’s mood and energy that affects the ability to work.
Manic depression affects men and women. This illness begins in late adolescence and is found among people of all age groups, ethnic groups, all classes in the society and races. It can also have a genetic link in many families. Other than badly affecting the life of a person, this illness can also affect other people who are closely related to the patient like immediate family members and caregivers.
Causes of Manic Depression
The exact cause of manic depression is still not known but many therapists believe that there could be a number of factors that could cause this disease. It has been observed that manic depression is a result of a chemical imbalance in the brain. The functions of the brain are controlled by a chemical known as neurotransmitters. Therefore when there is an imbalance in the level of nerotransmitters like the norepinephrine, this may cause manic depression.
Whenever the level of this chemical goes high, manic depression occurs and when the level of this chemical drops below the normal level a person gets depressed. Nerotransmitters includes other chemicals like dopamine and serotonin which also affect the occurrence of manic depression. Other things that could trigger manic depression are genes, stress and environmental factors.
Symptoms of Manic Depression
The symptoms of manic depression are:
- Bleeding or blood clot in the brain
- Thyroid problem
- Lupus erythematosus
- Brain tumor
- Sodium imbalance
- Diabetes mellitus
- Medications like antihypertensive that can decrease the level of norepinephrine or serotonin in the brain.