Hepatitis B – Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies for Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is a serious infection of liver and is caused by hepatitis B virus. The virus is present in the body fluids and blood of infected persons and easily spreads through direct personal contact. It is estimated that hepatitis B is responsible for 4000-5000 deaths each year in the United States. Even though there is no cure for the infection, it can be prevented to a certain extent through vaccination. The treatment, prevention and remedies for hepatitis B are discussed below.
Hepatitis B Treatment
On exposure to hepatitis B virus, you need to consult your doctor immediately. You will be given hepatitis B immune globulin injection within 24 hours to protect you from developing hepatitis B infection.
Treatment for chronic hepatitis B infection
The doctor may suggest the following treatments for chronic hepatitis B infection.
- Medications – The doctor may recommend antiviral medications if you are diagnosed with chronic infection. These medications fight against the virus and reduce the liver from getting damaged.
- Liver transplant – The doctor suggests you to go for a liver transplant if the liver is damaged seriously. The damaged liver is replaced with a healthy liver donated by living donor or a deceased donor.
Treatment for acute hepatitis B infection
If you are diagnosed with acute infection, treatment is not necessary as the infection is short lived and it will go away on its own. The doctor may recommend you some medications that fight against the virus followed by blood tests to make sure the virus has left the body.
Prevention of Hepatitis B
Vaccination – Anyone can receive hepatitis B vaccination, including older adults, children and infants. The vaccine is given as a series of three doses for a period of six months. Side effects include swelling or redness at the site of injection. The vaccine is recommended for:
- Infants immediately after the birth
- Adults and children who aren’t vaccinated after birth
- Travelers who go to places with high infection rates
- People with kidney disorders
- People who take illicit drugs
- People with chronic liver disease
- People who had multiple sexual partners in a period of 6 months
- HIV positive people
- People who come in contact with blood and other body fluids during work
- People with sexually transmitted diseases
Following are the ways to reduce the risk of hepatitis B:
- Get vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine before you plan to travel to other places.
- If you want to undergo tattooing and body piercing, be cautious on the equipment used
- Stop using illicit drugs
- Practice safe sex
Home Remedies for Hepatitis B
Listed below are few home remedies for hepatitis B
- Avoid alcohol consumption.
- Take light meals regularly instead of taking heavy meals.
- Decrease the intake of foods rich in fats and oils such as coconut, cream or butter.
- Take moderate amounts of proteins in the form of sprouts, pulses, legumes, skimmed yogurt and skimmed milk.
- Take a good rest.
- Avoid junk food and sugar in your diet and have food rich in complex carbohydrates such as whole wheat and its products.