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Hepatitis B – Causes and Symptoms of Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is an infection of liver caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is a serious form of infection and is a chronic form of liver inflammation. The condition leads to liver cancer, cirrhosis or liver failure. The signs and symptoms of the infection are very severe.

According to the research studies, about 350 million people are known to get infected worldwide. In the United States, it is common among adults of ages 20-25. Although there is no cure for the infection, it can be prevented through vaccination.

Causes of Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B infection is caused as a result of infection with hepatitis B virus. It is generally spread from direct personal contact through semen, blood or other body fluids. Once the virus enters the body, it goes to liver, invades all the cells and multiplies in number. This leads to liver inflammation.

The infection is transmitted through following ways:

  • Pregnant women infected with hepatitis B vir
  • us can pass the infection to the infants during birth.

  • People who come in contact with human blood are at a greater risk in developing the infection.
  • Sharing needles, syringes or intravenous drugs puts a person at higher risk of hepatitis B infection.
  • People who have unprotected sex with the infected person.

The following are the risk factors of hepatitis B:

  • Traveling to places with high infection rates of hepatitis B virus
  • Receiving hemodialysis for renal diseases
  • Sharing personal items with the infected person
  • Sexual contact and having unprotected sex
  • Having a sexually transmitted disease such as Chlamydia or gonorrhea

Symptoms of Hepatitis B
The signs and symptoms of hepatitis B include:

  • Yellowing of the eye whites and skin
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Joint pain
  • Dark urine
  • Abdominal pain

Symptoms of hepatitis B usually appear about 2-3 months after getting infected. Some infants and children do not develop the symptoms even if they get infected most severely.

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