Chest Pain: Angina Pectoris
Do you know what angina pectoris is? You better be careful, probably you have one before but you do not know yet.
In this article, we still continue to write about chest pain, especially angina pectoris. The explanation of this article will be divided into several parts:
- Definition of Angina Pectoris
- Characteristics of Angina Pectoris
- Causes of Angina Pectoris
Definition of Angina Pectoris
What is angina pectoris? Well-known as angina only, it is a pain, pressure, numbness, or heaviness that occurs on the area around chest or behind the chest bone.
Around 2 to 3 percent of people with age between 25 to 64 years old are affected by angina pectoris.
In exertional angina with no surgical treatment, ten-year survival is thirty percent.
Characteristics of Angina Pectoris
Here are the pain characteristics of angina pectoris:
- Located retrosternally
- Feels like pressing
- Radiates to epigastrium, back (between blade-bones), neck and lower jaw
- Radiation to the right arm is observed lesser than to the left one.
- The pain might be originally located in the epigastrium or the arm
The pain is frequently accompanied by dyspnea. Angina pectoris occurs during emotional or physical stress, in the cold temperature, or post-prandial.
The pain disappears when the sufferer takes a rest (within few minutes) or after consuming nitroglycerin. Physical assessment between incidents reveals a small number or no abnormalities.
Pain usually lasts 3 to 5 minutes in exertion angina. After taking nitroglycerin, the pain disappears. Pain incidents triggered by unstable angina are more severe and prolonged.
The beginning of angina pectoris incidents is related not only through exertion, but with arrhythmia paroxisms (arrhythmias) too. The pain also occurs and disappears concurrently with arrhythmia.
Causes of Angina Pectoris
What causes angina pectoris? Angina pectoris happens when the heart muscles are not being supplied by enough oxygen.
In the next article, we will write about medications for angina pectoris and other related subjects.
You should consult with your doctor and other health care professionals to get a better knowledge and information about angina pectoris.
Kindly bear in mind, this article is not solely intended as the only source of information about angina pectoris.