What is Rett’s Syndrome – Treatment, Prevention, Facts and Statistics
Rett’s syndrome exclusively affects females. There are no reported cases of this disease in male babies because they do not survive more than 2 years. Females suffering from this disease survive for 40 years or more. The symptoms of this disorder are easily confused with that of autism and celebral palsy. This article tries to understand the treatment and prevention techniques of this neurological disorder.
Treatment of Rett’s Syndrome: There is no cure for this disorder. Research studies have revealed that restoring normalcy in the functioning of the gene MECP2 can cure it. Use of Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) have shown positive results in the experimental mice. Some of the treatment options of this disorder are:
- Management of gastrointestinal issues like reflux and constipation
- Managing nutritional issues like poor weight gain
- Augmentative communication strategies being used to increase the communication skills
- Surveillance of scoliosis and long QT syndrome
- Changing social medications
- Parental counselling
- Sleep aids
- Occupational therapy
- Physical therapy
- Speech therapy
Prevention of Rett’s Syndrome: Unfortunately there are no methods to prevent this disorder. However, the chances of having another child with this disorder is less than 1 percent for a couple. Death in women patients is often caused by seizure, accidents, aspiration pneumonia and malnutrition around the age of 40. A condition called severe encephalopathy causes death in male babies around the age of two years.
Facts and Statistics on Rett’s Syndrome:
- Nearly one in 10,000 to 15,000 girls develop this condition.
- Between 6-18 months of age, changes in the mental and social development begins in them, owing to this disorder.
- Social and language skills deteriorate around 1 to 4 years of age.
- Genetic testing leads to the diagnosis of the disease in 80 percent of girls.
- As boys have only one X chromosome, the disease is more serious and fatal in them than in girls.