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Bornholm Disease – Causes and Symptoms of Bornholm Disease

Bornholm disease is an infection caused by the Coxsackie virus and is also known as pleurodynia. This affects the intercostal muscles which are located in the walls of the chest. The lining of the lungs also get affected in this infectious disease. This infection lasts for two to four days and it can relapse after a few days. Flu-like symptoms are seen along with pain in the chest or abdomen. Children are at a high risk for getting this infection as this disease is very contagious and it tends to occur as an epidemic, affecting a large number of people in one area.

Causes of Bornholm disease
The causes of this contagious disease include:

  • The causative organism of this disease is coxsackie virus.
  • Picornavirus also causes this infectious disease.
  • These viruses are present in the feces of the infected person.
  • They spread by fecal oral route.
  • They enter the mouth of a healthy person as the fingers of the affected person are infected, when they come in touch with contaminated items like toilets and nappies of the infected person.
  • This disease usually spreads under unhygienic conditions, especially when people do not wash hands properly after defecation.
  • This disease can spread through saliva and nasal secretion.
  • Outbreaks of the disease are more common in summer and autumn in the United States.

Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of this disease include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Pain in the lower chest
  • Coughing and sneezing
  • Swelling of the muscles
  • Local tenderness
  • Pleuritic pain
  • Malaise
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability in infants and toddlers
  • A red, non itchy, blistery rash on palms of the hands and soles of the feet and sometimes on the buttocks in children
  • Painful, red blister like lesions on the tongue, gums and inside the cheeks

When to consult your Medical Health Professional?
Consult your medical health professional when you find the above symptoms before the condition of the patient worsens.

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