Chlamydia – Causes and Symptoms of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium, chlamydia trachomatis. This damages a womens reproductive organs and spreads very fast through sexual contact. This disease is the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. Around 4 million people in the U.S get infected with this chlamydial infection. This affects both men and women equally and occurs among all age groups but it is most prevalent among teens.
Causes of Chlamydial Infection
The causes include:
- This infection is caused by the bacterium chlamydia trachomatis.
- The spread of this infection is by sexual intercourse and other contacts between the genitals and the rectal area.
- The spread can occur from a mother to the child during the birth process, resulting in serious eye infections.
- Chlamydia can cause serious eye infections or pneumonia in a newborn.
The symptoms are different in men and women. The signs and symptoms include:
Symptoms in Men
- A white watery and cloudy discharge is secreted from the penis
- Pain and swelling in the testicles
- Burning sensation while passing urine
- Pain while passing urine
Symptoms in women
- An increased vaginal discharge caused by an inflamed cervix
- Bleeding after a sexual intercourse
- Pain during intercourse
- The urge to urinate more frequently
- Pain while passing urine
- Lower abdominal pain
- Problems during menstruation like irregular periods
Complications of chlamydial infections
Chlamydia can be linked with other health problems. They include:
- Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV): Women infected with chlamydial infection are at a higher risk of acquiring HIV.
- Other sexually transmitted infections: People may be at risk of other sexually transmitted infections, like gonorrhea, syphilis and hepatitis if they are suffering from this chlamydial infection.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease: If chlamydial infection is not treated, it may result in pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Infertility: This infection can cause scarring in the fallopian tubules that may lead to infertility.
- Rectal inflammation: If a person engages in anal sex, then the rectum gets inflamed.
- Eye infections: The chalamydial infection can pass from the vaginal canal to the child during delivery causing eye infections that can lead to blindness.
- Prostatitis: This bacterial infection can spread to the prostate gland and leads to prostatitis which may result in fever, chills, painful urination and lower back pain.
- Epididymitis: This infection can inflame the epididymis which is a loop like coiled tube situated near each testicle and can result in fever, scrotal pain and swelling.
- Chronic pelvic pain: If chalamydial infection is not treated on time, it may lead to chronic pelvic pain in women.
When to consult your Medical Health Professional?
Consult you doctor when you have abnormal discharge from your vagina or penis, have severe pain during urination or encounter other signs and symptoms of chlamydia. Talk to your doctor and take the needed treatment before it leads to other complications. If any of the partner reveals that he or she has chlamydia, consult your doctor immediately because in some cases, only one of the partner gets infected.