What is Sarcoidosis – Causes and Symptoms

Sarcoidosis is an inflammation which can affect any organ of the body. Generally the bodies natural protection system technically called the immune system fights with the external threats with the helps of special cells meant for this purpose. They isolate the threats and destroy them. During this process, inflammation can take place in the location of target which ceases after the threat is removed. In people suffering from this disease, the inflammation persists. 16.5 men and 19 women for every 100,000 individuals get affected with this disease.

In the United States, 35.5 and 10.9 for every 100,000 individuals belonging to African descent and Caucasians respectively are affected with this disease. This article focus on the causes and symptoms of Sarcoidosis.

Causes and Statistics of Sarcoidosis: The exact cause of this disease is not known yet. It is believed that some individuals are susceptible to this disease genetically. In these individuals, there is a change in the way the immune system should respond when it is exposed to the occupational and environmental infection agents of this disease. This change causes the origin of the ailment in these individuals.

Based on observations, it is found that young men and women are most commonly affected by this disease with a high prevalence rate in women. Reported cases are high among people below the age of 40 years with the peak the age-group being 20- 29 years. Women above the age of 50 years are next in the list of affected people. 90 percent of the symptoms of this disease are found in the organ lungs. It is for this reason, sarcoidosis is one of the highly prevalent and less in number pulmonary diseases in non-smokers.

Symptoms of Sarcoidosis:

  • Asymptomatic in initial stages
  • Dyspnea
  • Chest pain
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Chest tightness
  • Persistent cough
  • Enlarged lymph nodes of chest
  • Lung tissue thickening
  • Small nodules throughout lungs
  • Watery eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Eye pain
  • Erythema nodosum
  • Red lumps on the legs
  • Facial skin rash
  • Skin rash
  • Purple skin patches
  • Skin eruptions
  • Joint pain
  • Spleen problems
  • Liver problems
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Sluggishness
  • Fever
  • Malaise
  • Night sweats

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