What is Trichomonas Vaginalis – Symptoms and Facts
Trichomonas vaginalis’s infection affects 180 million people annually all over the world, according to the World Health Organization. In North America, an estimated 5 and 8 million new infections are reported each year. In 50 percent of these diagnosed cases, there are no symptoms found in the initial stage of the infection, especially in men. The infection rate is similar gender-wise. This article tries to gain further insight on this infection.
What is Trichomonas Vaginalis ?
- It is a micro-organism. It is the most common disease causing germ in humans of the industrialized countries.
- It also causes the sexually transmitted disease trichomoniasis in women by infecting their urethra and vagina.
- Growth of this micro-organism in the vagina changes its natural acidic state (PH level of 3.8- 4.2) to alkaline state (PH level of 5-6) causing trichomoniasis infection in women.
- In men, the symptoms of infection caused by this organism are rarely apparent.
Symptoms of Infection Caused by Trichomonas Vaginalis in Females:
- Preterm delivery
- Increased mortality
- Tendency to develop HIV infection, AIDS, and cervical cancer
- Oral lesions
- Greenish-yellow frothy vaginal secretions
Facts about Trichomonas Vaginalis:
- The organism has the ability to survive for up to 24 hours in water samples, urine and semen, and for 1 -2 hours inside any disease carrying substance.
- The most common method of diagnosis of the infection is through a method called overnight culture with a sensitivity range of 75-95 percent.
- Cure is by prescribing the anti-biotic Metronidazole, commonly known by its trade name Flagyl in the United States.
- Apart from the affected person, the medicine should also be given to any sexual partner(s) as the symptoms of infection remain asymptomatic mostly.
- According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Trichomoniasis is the most common curable STD in young, sexually active women in this country.
- Research studies have found that there is a link between the infection caused by this micro-organism and aggressive prostate cancer development in men.