What is Trench Mouth
Tranch mouth is a rare and painful bacterial infection involving ulcers and swelling in the gums. It is also known as Vincent’s stomatitis. It affects the age-group of 15-35 years mostly. The mouth contains several types of bacteria in equilibrium. When the number of bacteria increase beyond a certain limit, the gums get infected and develop ulcers. This article tries to gain further insight on this topic.
Symptoms of Trench Mouth:
- Bad breath
- Foul taste in the mouth
- Crater-like ulcers between the teeth
- Painful gums
- Gums appear reddened and swollen
- Grayish film on the gums
- Profuse bleeding when any pressure is applied or irritation is caused in the gums
- Swollen lymph nodes of the head and neck
Risk Factors, Complications, Prevention and Treatment of Trench Mouth:
- Smoking, poor nutrition, emotional stress, mouth infections, poor oral hygiene are the risk factors for this condition.
- Dehydration, pain, spread of infection, loss of teeth and Periodontitis are the complications associated with this disease.
- If untreated the infection of the gums can spread to other locations like cheeks, lips or jawbone and destroy the tissues of these locations. However, this infection is observed to respond well to treatment when started on time.
- X-rays of the face or teeth can reveal the extent of damage caused by the infection to the tissues. Throat swab culture is another technique of diagnosis of this disease.
- Quitting smoking, eating nutritious food, brushing the teeth twice, using salt water or hydrogen peroxide to rinse the mouth and reducing stress can reduce the risks associated with the disease.
- Visit to the dentist should be done every 6 months, involving examination of the dental health and removal of plaque if any.
- Analgesics are the medicines available over the counter which reduce the severe pain associated with this condition.
- Usage of coating agents and application of lidocaine can relieve the pain too.