Hughes Syndrome – Treatment and Prevention of Hughes Syndrome
Hughes syndrome is an autoimmune disease that causes a wide range of symptoms. It is also known as ‘sticky blood’ or ‘Antiphospholipid syndrome’. The syndrome is characterized by blood clots within the arteries and veins. In this syndrome, the immune system produces antiphospholipid antibodies that are abnormal. These antibodies attack the fats and proteins of blood and thus the blood becomes sticky and clots are formed. The treatment and prevention of Hughes syndrome are discussed below.
Hughes Syndrome Treatment
The treatment of Hughes syndrome is mainly aimed at reducing the risk of blood clot formation. Doctors prescribe medications to make the blood less sticky. An additional treatment is given during pregnancy that includes regular injections of anticoagulants which is very expensive and carries certain risks.
Anticoagulant medicines interrupt the process of blood clot formation. Doctor prescribes anticoagulant medications such as warfarin and aspirin. If these medications prove to be ineffective, an additional anticoagulant called heparin is suggested. These medications are to be taken life long to prevent the clotting of blood. But these medications cause risks i.e reduce the blood’s ability to clot and cause hemorrhage i.e excessive bleeding.
The signs and symptoms of excessive bleeding include:
- Nose bleeding that lasts longer than 10 minutes
- Coughing up blood
- Blood in vomit
- Blood in urine
- Blood in feces
If any of these symptoms are experienced, consult a doctor immediately and take the necessary treatment.
Prevention of Hughes Syndrome
If you are diagnosed with Hughes syndrome, you need to take some possible measures that reduce the risk of blood clot formation. They include:
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Lose weight if you are obese
- Exercise regularly
- Take a healthy and balanced diet i.e high in vegetables and fruit and low in fat
Following are the precautions to be taken to keep from injuring and thus avoid excessive bleeding:
- Take extra care while using sharp tools, scissors, knives, etc
- Always shave with an electric razor to avoid cuts and bruises
- Use a soft toothbrush
- Avoid getting engaged in activities that are dangerous and cause you to fall