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Hernia – Causes and Symptoms of Hernia

Hernia is an abnormal protrusion or bulging out of a tissue or any part of the organ through a muscular tissue that covers it. It may develop in any part of the body but the muscles of abdominal wall are most commonly affected. It causes pain and reduces the general mobility. Hernia may cause serious complications depending on the nature of the protruded organ.

Several types of hernia can occur including femoral, ventral, umbilical, direct and indirect that are named by their location.

Causes of Hernia
Hernias such as abdominal hernias are already present at the birthtime but develop later and cause complications. Some hernias involve pathways formed during abdominal wall weakness, existing openings in the abdominal cavities and fetal development. Hernias are caused due to pressure created on the weaknesses or openings in the abdominal wall or cavity.

The risk factors that cause hernias to develop are:

  • Obesity
  • Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Coughing
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Straining during urination or bowel movement
  • Family history of hernias

Symptoms of Hernia
Hernia symptoms vary depending on the structure and the cause involved. Hernias begin as hard, small unnoticeable structures. In the beginning, there is a lump or swelling in the groin or abdomen that develops under the skin. Gradually, a pressure is developed against the wall by the internal contents. In this way, the lump size increases.

Other symptoms:

  • Increased pain from long periods of standing
  • Burning sensation in the scrotal and abdominal region
  • Tender and reddish area of the abdomen
  • Increasing pain during coughing
  • Difficulty in moving bowels
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Painful swelling in the area of testicles

What are the risks involved
The hernia becomes strangulated i.e loses its blood supply if proper treatment is not given. This leads to the blockage in intestines that further results in vomiting and fever. Gradually it becomes fatal.

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