Conjunctivitis – Treatment, Prevention and Natural Remedies for Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is also called as pink eye. It is an inflammation or swelling of the conjunctiva, which is the thin, clear tissue that is present over the white part of the eye and lines the inner side of the eye. Pink eye is caused by some bacteria and viruses and can spread easily from one person to another. If it occurs in new born children, then it should be reported to a doctor immediately. The treatment differs depending on the cause and severity of the infection.
Treatment for Conjunctivitis
The treatment for conjunctivitis depends on the severity of the condition. It includes:
Medications for bacterial and viral conjunctivitis:
- Antibiotic eye drops that have antibacterial ingredients may be prescribed by the doctor.
- Antibiotic ointments can be applied on the eyes.
- To prevent recurrent infection, follow the doctor’s instructions and take the antibiotics until the prescription runs out.
- Antiviral drugs may be prescribed by the doctor if viral conjunctivitis is caused due to herpes simplex virus.
- If the irritation is due to allergic reactions then the doctor may include anti-histamines, decongestants, steroids and anti-inflammatory eye-drops.
- Try to avoid the allergens which trigger an allergic reaction that results in allergic conjunctivitis.
How to prevent the spread of Conjunctivitis?
The ways to prevent the spread of conjunctivitis include:
- Wash your hands with soap and warm water.
- Wash any discharge from the eyes using a cotton ball or paper towel.
- After use, discard the cotton ball and wash your hands with soap and water.
- Avoid wearing eye make up.
- Never wear another person’s contact lenses.
- Do not use eye drops in a non-infected eye that was used for an infected one.
- Do not touch or rub the infected eye.
- Wash the bed linens, pillow cases and towels in hot water and detergent.
- Do not share eye make-up with anyone.
- Avoid sharing common articles like unwashed towels and glasses.
- If you are suffering from bacterial or viral pinkeye, take leave and do not go to work until the infection is no longer contagious.
- Wear eye glasses and throw away the disposable eye lenses.
- If a child is suffering from this eye infection, then do not send the child to school till the infection reduces.
- Newborns are also prone to getting eye infections during the birth process. Care should be taken to assess the condition of the newborn after birth.
- Keep away from dust and pollution.
- Do not smoke or drink alcohol.
- Never try to rub the infected eyes or touch the other eye with the same hand.
Natural Remedies for conjunctivitis
Some of the home remedies for pink eye include:
- Chamomile flowers: Mix two teaspoons of chamomile flowers with one teaspoon of oregon grape root. This should be put in two cups of boiling water and then strain and cool it. This mixture can be used as an eyewash.
- Calendula: Use calendula to reduce itching and inflammation as it can be used as a local compress and as an eye wash.
- Vitamin A: Use a lotion made of vitamin A and apply it directly.
- Potato: Peel a potato, cut it into thin slices and place them on the affected eyes.
- Fennel: Fennel seeds can be eaten raw or made as a tea and the tea may be used as an eye wash.
- Eyebright herb: This plant is an excellent herb that is used to cure conjunctivitis.
- Golden-seal: This is an anti-inflammatory drug that reduces the eye infection.
- Carrot juice: Take 200 ml of spinach juice and about 300 ml of carrot juice. Drink this juice as this is a natural remedy to cure conjunctivitis.
- Gooseberry: Add two teaspoons of honey in a cup of gooseberry juice and take this mixture twice daily.
- Rose water: Wash your eyes with rose water as this eases the pain and gives a soothing effect on the eyes.
- Aloe Vera juice: This aloe vera juice is applied over the eyes with a cloth as this helps to reduce pain and itching.
- Diet: Eat a lot of salads and green, leafy vegetables.