Adenoids – Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies of Adenoids
Adenoids are the lymphatic tissue located behind the nose and at the top of the nasopharynx. Adenoid glands increase in size due to infection and block the airflow through the nose, making the child to breathe through the mouth. Mouth breathing is evident at night during sleep and results in dry mouth and cracked lips. Severe infection of the adenoids results in bad breath. Other symptoms include sleep apnea and snoring.
Treatment of Adenoid Inflammation
The treatment plan for adenoid infection depends on the severity of the infection. This includes:
- Antibiotics may be prescribed by a doctor to reduce the infection of the adenoids.
- Pain killers can be given to reduce pain in the throat.
- A child must take the full course of antibiotics prescribed by the doctor.
- If medications are not taken as directed, it may result in spreading or worsening of the infection.
- Take medications to reduce fever.
- If adenoid infection does not reduce with medications, then the doctor may advise for the surgical removal of the adenoids.
- Adenoidectomy is the surgery where the adenoids are removed surgically to prevent further complications.
- It is done mainly to deal with complications related to obstructed breathing and mouth breathing.
- This surgery improves the sleeping pattern and reduces the breathing disturbances that occur during nights, thus ensuring proper growth in a child.
Care at Home
- Encourage your child to get plenty of rest and sleep.
- Give plenty of oral fluids to keep the throat moist and prevent dehydration.
- Provide comforting and warm liquids or water with honey as this may soothe a sore throat.
- Prepare and make your child gargle salt water as this soothes a sore throat.
- Use a cool-air humidifier to eliminate the dry air as it may irritate a sore throat.
- Lozenges can be chewed by children older than four years of age.
- Your home should be kept free from cigarette smoke.
Prevention of Adenoid Inflammation
The best prevention is to practice good hygiene as this is caused by bacterial and viral infections. The child should be taught to:
- Wash his or her hands thoroughly after using the toilet.
- Wash the hands before eating anything.
- Teach the child to cough or sneeze into a tissue or into his or her elbow.
- Teach the child to wash hands after coughing or sneezing.
Home Remedies for Adenoid Infection
Eat raw vegetables and fresh fruits and juices extracted from fresh fruits as this is helpful in increasing the immunity. Some of the common remedies which can be followed at home include:
- Milk: Boiled milk with a dash of pepper and turmeric powder can be taken every night for three days.
- Garlic cloves: Garlic is very useful in the treatment of adenoids. Two to three cloves should be taken every day and they need to be pounded and made into a thick paste. Warm this mixture and squeeze out the juice and add honey. Drink this mixture very slowly as it coats the adenoids.
- Golden-seal tea: Gargle this tea several times a day.
- Echinacea and myrhh: This a good remedy for adenoid gland swelling.
- Vitamin-C: This vitamin helps to keep your immunity high and fights against infections and helps in the healing process.
- Lemon or lime juice: Lime juice added in warm water with honey and ginger will help reduce the infection.
- Herb tea: This type of tea is prepared by adding sassafras, red clover and burdrock root. This can be taken three times a day.
- Garlic juice: Pour a few drops of garlic juice in your ears.
- Warm olive oil: Two to three drops of this oil should be put into each of the ears as this helps to reduce the infection.
- Vegetable juice: Juices of beet, carrot and cucumber are of great help to treat adenoid inflammations.