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Adenoid – Causes and Symptoms of Adenoid

Adenoid refers to the mass of lymphoid tissue which is located behind the nose and at the top of the nasopharynx. Adenoid is a gland that is a part of the immune system and its main function is to trap bacterial and viral infections, as it is located at the back wall of the nasopharynx. Since it is present in the passage behind the nose, it protects the body from the inhaled germs but sometimes the adenoid gland gets infected and inflamed.

Causes of Adenoid
Inflammation of the adenoids can be caused by many contagious bacteria or viruses.
The different types of bacteria and virus are:

  • Influenza virus
  • Streptococcus bacteria
  • Adenovirus
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Entero virus
  • Epstein-Barr virus

Other factors
The other factors causing inflammation of the adenoids include:

  • Hereditary
  • Chronic infection
  • Chronic nasal congestion
  • Persistent allergy
  • Insufficient aeration
  • Inefficient nasal breathing
  • Repeated infections of the upper respiratory tract
  • Acute tonsillitis
  • Tonsillar carcinoma
  • Sore throat
  • Halitosis
  • Symptoms of Adenoid enlargement
  • The signs and symptoms of adenoids include:

    • Red and swollen adenoids
    • Sore throat
    • Pain and difficulty in swallowing
    • Enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck
    • Bad breath
    • Stiff neck
    • Fever
    • A scratchy or muffled voice
    • Headache
    • Nasal speech
    • Middle ear infections

    Symptoms in children
    In young children who are unable to describe how they feel, the signs include:

    • Refusal to eat
    • Drooling
    • Difficult or painful swallowing
    • Unusual fussiness

    Complications of Adenoid Inflammation
    The adenoid inflammation should be treated when you find the above symptoms. If the treatment is delayed, then it may lead to certain complications. They include:

    • Difficulty in breathing
    • Tonsillitis
    • Tonsillar abscess
    • Difficulty in breathing during sleep
    • Tonsillar cellulitis
    • Rheumatic fever
    • Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis

    When to consult a Medical Professional?
    When you find symptoms related to adenoid inflammation, consult your doctor immediately before your condition becomes complicated. Call your doctor if your child experiences these symptoms. They include:

    • Painful or difficult swallowing
    • A sore throat that does not reduce even after weeks
    • Extreme weakness or fatigue
    • Fussy behavior

    1 response to Adenoid – Causes and Symptoms of Adenoid

    1. when it comes to treating halitosis, i use stabilized chlorine dioxide “”

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