Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia – Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperpalsia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate gland is located near urethra which surrounds the urethra and this tube carries urine from the bladder out of the urethra. When the prostate gland is enlarged, it may partly block or squeeze the urethra. This causes many problems while urinating. BPH occurs in almost all men as they age. BPH is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy.
Treatment of BPH
The treatment for BPH includes medications and minimal invasive surgery. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. They include:
The most common treatment for mild to moderate symptoms are medications. The drugs used for BPH treatment include:
- Alpha blockers: These group of drugs relax the bladder muscles and muscle fibers and make it easier to urinate.
- 5 alpha reductase inhibitors: These medications reduce the size of the prostate gland by preventing hormonal changes that cause prostate growth. Side effects may include decreased sexual desire and impotence.
- Combination therapy: The most effective therapy is the combination of alpha blocker and a 5 alpha reductase inhibitor at the same time.
A doctor may recommend surgery if the symptoms are severe, and the medications are not effective. There are several types of surgery for an enlarged prostate. They include:
- Trans-urethral resection of the prostate (TURP): In this procedure, a surgeon places a lighted scope into the urethra and uses cutting tools to remove the outer part of the prostate.This procedure is used to treat smaller prostate and is effective in relieving the symptoms.
- Trans-urethral incision of the prostate: This procedure is similar to TURP and special instruments are inserted through the urethra, and the surgeon makes one or two cuts in the prostate gland to open a channel in the urethra for the easy passage of urine.
- Open prostatectomy: This procedure is done if the prostate is too large or if there is any damage to the bladder. The prostate is removed by making an open incision in the lower abdomen.
Minimal invasive surgery
The minimal invasive surgical interventions include:
Laser therapies include the use of high-energy lasers to destroy or remove enlarged prostate. This therapy can be done with different types of lasers. They include:
- Ablative procedure: This includes removal of the prostate tissue and pressing the urethra by burning it away which eases the urine flow.
- Enucleative procedures: This is similar to open prostatectomy, where the prostate tissue which blocks the flow of urine is removed. One of the benefits of this procedure is that the removed tissue can be tested for cancer and other conditions.
Types of laser surgery include:
- Visual laser ablation
- Holomium laser ablation
- Photosensitive vaporization
- Holomium laser enucleation
There are many other procedures that are done for prostatic enlargement. They include:
- Trans-urethral microwave therapy (TUMT): In this procedure, the doctor inserts an electrode through the urethra and microwave energy is passed destroying the inner portion of the enlarged prostate. This causes the enlarged prostate to shrink and eases the flow of urine.
- Prostatic stents: A stent is placed into the urethra to keep it open and this plastic stent should be changed every 4 to 6 weeks. This procedure can cause side effects like painful urination and frequent urinary tract infection.
Preventing your condition from worsening
Follow some lifestyle changes to prevent further worsening of the condition. They include:
- Limit the intake of beverages in the evening.
- Do not drink too much alcohol or drinks with caffeine.
- If your doctor prescribes diuretics, take them in the morning as this will help ease the urinary symptoms.
- Limit the intake of decongestants and antihistamines as they make the muscles around your urethra harder.
- Try to urinate when you feel the urge.
- Stay active because inactivity may cause retention of urine.
- Keep yourself warm during the cold season as it causes an increase in your urgency to urinate.
Home Remedies for Prostate Gland
The natural remedies for prostate gland includes:
- Pumpkin seeds: These seeds can be taken regularly as they are rich in unsaturated fatty acids and these acids are needed for the health of the prostate.
- Tomatoes: These prevent prostate infections from affecting the body.
- Corn silk: This helps to relieve pain during urination that is caused by swollen prostate gland.
- Saw palmetto: This a very good natural cure for BPH and promotes prostate health.
- Garlic and golden seal: This combination helps to fight prostate infection.
- Beta-sitosterol extracts: These extracts are made from several plants, trees and grasses.
- Pygeum: This is an oil made from the bark of an African prune tree.
- Stinging Nettle Extract: These extracts are taken from the root of the stinging nettle plant.
- Pollen:Bee pollen is another effective method to treat prostate disorders.
- Yoga and exercise: Certain yoga asanas like vajrasana are found to be useful for the cure of this disorder. Exercises like kegels exercise improves the circulation of tissues near the prostate area.
Juniper berries: Take juniper berries and parsley together for a swollen prostate.