Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia – Causes and Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the enlargement of the prostate gland and is a condition that is common among older men. This disorder is also called prostate gland enlargement. This disease can cause urinary problems. If left untreated, it can block the normal flow of urine from the bladderand can cause urinary tract infection and other problems in the kidneys.

Causes of BPH
BPH is a normal part of the aging process in men and research is still going on to find the exact cause of this disorder. The causes may include:

  • Hormone: An imbalance in the hormone secreted can be one of the causes of prostatic hyperplasia.
  • Genetics: A recent research states that a particular gene is responsible for the enlargement of the prostate. Some men have continuous prostate growth throughout life.
  • Age: Prostate gland enlargement is seen mostly in those people who are above 40 years.
  • Family history: If you have a blood relative like your father or brother with prostate problems, then you are likely to suffer from this problem.
  • Ethnic background: This disorder is more common among white and black men.

This disorder varies with severity among men and gradually worsens over time.The symptoms of prostate gland enlargement include:

  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Increased frequency of urination at night
  • Not able to empty the bladder completely
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Impaired kidney function
  • Weak urine stream
  • Stopping and starting while urination
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Straining while urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Formation of stones in the bladder

Complications of prostate enlargement
Prostate gland enlargement can become a serious problem and you may need a surgery. Complications of an enlarged prostate include:

  • Acute urinary retention where the person may suffer from painful urination and not be able to urinate at all.
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Bladder stones
  • Bladder damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Kidney stones

When to consult your doctor?
If you are suffering from urinary problems, then consult your doctor to check whether these symptoms are caused due to an enlarged prostate. Seek immediate medical attention to prevent further complications.

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