Hemorrhoids – Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are bulging and dilated veins of the anus and rectum, caused by increased pressure in the veins of rectum. The increased pressure is due to strained bowel movements or pressure created during pregnancy. The veins become inflamed and cause the surrounding membranes to bleed, burn, itch and become painful. It is commonly observed in adults. The treatment, prevention and home remedies for hemorrhoids are discussed below.
Hemorrhoid treatment includes the following treatment methods.
If hemorrhoids produce serious discomfort, your doctor may prescribe some ointments, creams, pads or suppositories that may relieve you from the discomfort. These medications can relieve the itching and pain for sometime. But make sure not to use any medication over a week unless directed by your doctor. Side effects such as skin thinning, inflammation and skin rash may result on using medications.
External hemorrhoids result in blood clot formation. Your doctor may remove these clots with simple incision and this gives you a quick relief. Internal hemorrhoids result in persistent pain and bleeding. Doctor may provide you treatment with any one of the invasive methods.
Coagulation technique (infrared, laser or bipolar) – This technique uses infrared or laser light or heat. They cause the bleeding hemorrhoids to shrivel and harden. These techniques are associated with high rate of recurrence but have fewer side effects.
Injection (sclerotherapy) – In this method, a chemical solution is injected into the hemorrhoid tissue to shrink it. It is less effective and causes little or no pain.
Rubber band ligation – In this method, one or two rubber bands are tied around the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off its circulation. Within a few days, the hemorrhoid withers and falls off. It is a very effective method. The hemorrhoid banding makes you very uncomfortable and causes bleeding within 2 to 4 days.
Stapling – This is also called as stapled hemorrhoidopexy or stapled hemorrhoidectomy. This method involves blocking of blood flow to the hemorrhoidal tissue. Stapling involves greater risk of recurrence and rectal prolapse i.e protrusion of rectum from the anus.
Hemorrhoidectomy – In this method, a local anesthetic is applied on the hemorrhoid tissue that causes bleeding and is removed. This is the most effective way of treating hemorrhoids and you can completely get rid of them. Side effects may occur such as urinary tract infections and difficulty in emptying your bladder. A slight pain is also experienced and doctor may prescribe medications to relieve the pain. Taking a warm bath also helps.
Prevention of Hemorrhoids
The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep stools soft so that they pass easily, decreasing the strain and pressure. Thus the bowels also empty properly without any difficulty. Listed below are the tips to prevent the hemorrhoids:
- Avoid long periods of sitting or standing so that the pressure created on the veins in the anus is decreased.
- Stay active always by exercising regularly. It helps to prevent constipation and also helps to lose weight that may be contributing to hemorrhoids.
- Empty your bowels as soon as you feel the urge. Delaying in passing the bowel movement makes the stools harder as they become dry.
- Avoid holding your breath when passing a stool. Or else this creates a greater pressure in the veins on the lower rectum.
- Drink atleast six to eight glasses of water and other fluids everyday to help keep the stools soft.
- Eat more vegetables, fruits and whole grains and food rich in fiber. Having these kind of foods soften the stools and helpa avoid straining that can cause hemorrhoids.
Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids
Listed below are few home remedies for hemorrhoids
- Bitter gourd is very effective in treating hemorrhoids. Extract juice from it and mix it with buttermilk. Drink it.
- Herbs such as white oak, aloe vera, bayberry, etc are quite effective. Make a paste of these herbs and apply around the affected anus. This provides a relief against severe pain.
- Soak 10 – 15 coriander seeds in water and allow it to stand overnight. Strain it and take it in an empty stomach in the morning. Juice extracted from the leaves is also very effective. It stops the release of blood in the stools and relieves pain around anus.
- Powder the dry mango seeds and take this powder 2 – 3 times a day either alone or mixed with water.
- Prepare raddish juice and take it 2 – 3 times a day. Even the raddish paste soothes the swelling around the rectum.
- Boil a ripe banana and mix it in a cup of milk. Take this 4 – 5 times a day. This gives a faster relief from the hemorrhoids.
- Buttermilk with rock salt in it is a good remedy to reduce constipation.
- Take a raw onion soaked in water or onion juice with sugar. Take this 2 – 3 times a day for a month.
- Take 15 – 20 sesame seeds in a glass of water and boil it. Strain and allow it to cool. Take this mixture 2 – 3 times a day for a month.