The Relation of Individual Factors and Societal Factors with Chronic Pain in Women
Do you know the relation of individual factor and societal factor to chronic pain in women? You better know about this matter, especially if you are a woman. This would be more important if you are a woman who suffers with chronic pain.
Chronic pain is a frightening problem for both afflicted individuals and society. Chronic pain has significant effect on quality of life as well as economic costs. People should put their concern about this issue as we are in the new modern world which demands improvements in the delivery of health care.
Although chronic pain might affect all age groups, gender and ethnic backgrounds, the number of chronic pain sufferers is significantly higher among women than those of men.
According to CCHS data, Canada (2000-2001), the numbers of women who have chronic pain are significantly higher than those of men. The survey asked about four conditions known to be strongly related to chronic pain. The four conditions are:
- Migraine headaches
About the factors which relate to chronic pain, as we have written in the previous article, the factors would be biological factors, psychological factors, social factors and individual factors.
Through this article, we give further explanation about individual factors and social factors only.
Individual Factors Related to Chronic Pain
There are several variables to be written about the relation between individual factors with chronic pain. The variables are as follows:
- Household income
According to several studies, there was a clear relation between household incomes and chronic pain.
Women who have higher income tend to have lower possibility of chronic pain.
- Marital status
Marital status seems to have relation with chronic pain. According to several studies, chronic pain was lower among the people who were single.
- Body Mass Index (BMI)
A high level of BMI has been proven to be associated with chronic pain. The higher the BMI, the bigger the possibility of chronic pain to occur. It is clear that we should take concern to our BMI since it is also clearly related to increased mortality and decreased life expectancy.
The levels of depression were twice higher among those who reported chronic pain than those who did not.
The prevalence of depression also related to pain intensity. A higher level of pain intensity was related with a higher prevalence of depression. Regarding to this matter, the result was the same between men and women.
- Daily activities
The percentage of women who were limited in more activities was higher than the percentage of men.
- Self-rated health
Women who ranked themselves as outstanding in healthiness had the lowest prevalence of chronic pain.
- Self-rated stress
Women who were intensely stressed had the highest prevalence of chronic pain. On the other side, women who rated themselves as low in self-rated stress had a lower prevalence of chronic pain.
- Social support
Chronic pain also has relation with chronic pain. It was reported more often by women who accepted less social support.
Societal Factors Related to Chronic Pain
In relation to the use of health care services, chronic pain sufferers have a significant impact.
The use of health care services was higher among those who have chronic pain. The use of medications is also higher among them.
This fact definitely gives an extra burden in term of financial, especially to women.