Bulimia – Causes and Symptoms of Bulimia

Bulimia is a type of eating disorder which is the most common one and people suffering from this disorder eat a lot of food in a very short time and then they will try to get rid of the food that is taken by vomiting immediately after a meal, or use laxatives or exercise too much. The person who suffers from this disorder are preoccupied with their weight and body shape. Treatment for this disorder can help you feel better and can help you follow healthier eating patterns.

Though the exact cause is not known but other factors like certain behaviors, social and family influences and psychological disorders. They include:

  • Biology: Some of the gene present makes some people to develop eating disorder. People with a close relative suffering from bulimia are more likely to develop this disorder.
  • Behavior: Dieting and overexercising are some of the behaviors that contributes to develop this disorder. Dieting is a primary factor that leads to bulimia or binge eating.
  • Emotional health: People suffering from this disorder suffer from emotional and psychological problems that contribute to this disorder.
  • Society: The modern culture often cultivates a desire for being thin. Peer pressure and the media often fuel the desire to be thin, specially among the teenagers.

Other risk factors
Certain factors increase the risk of developing an eating disorder. They include:

  • Sex: Young girls and women are more prone to have bulimia than men.
  • Age: Bulimia starts at the age between late adolescence or early adult hood. It is more common in college students.
  • Family History: People are more prone if any of their sibling or parent have suffered from this disorder, then they are more likely to suffer from it.
  • Sports or work activities: Athletes, television personalities and actors and models are at a higher risk of suffering from this disorder.
  • Emotional disorders: People with anxiety disorder and depression are more prone to suffer from bulimia.
  • Family influences: If the family members tease them about their physical appearance, then they are at a higher risk of suffering from this disorder.

Bulimia signs and symptoms include:

  • Eating till the point of discomfort
  • Forcing yourself to vomit after eating
  • Misuse of diuretics,laxatives or enemas
  • Feeling that you cannot control your eating behavior
  • Excessively exercising
  • Having a negative feeling of one’s own body image
  • Abnormal bowel functioning
  • Swollen salivary glands
  • Dehydration
  • Sores, scars on the knuckles or hands
  • Depression
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Irregular heart beat
  • Abnormal bowel functioning
  • Going to the bathroom after eating or during meals
  • Sores in the mouth and throat

When to consult your doctor?
If you notice any symptoms of bulimia, then seek medical help immediately. If left untreated the condition of the person may worsen.

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