Bed-wetting – Causes and Symptoms of Bed-wetting
Bed-wetting is called as night time incontinence or nocturnal enuresis. It refers to the unintentional passage of urine while sleeping. Children who suffer from this have a low self-esteem and their performance at school and interpersonal relationships and quality of life gets effected. Nocturnal bed-wetting does not require any treatment in children of preschool age and those who have achieved bladder capacity during the day.
Causes of bed-wetting
Though the exact cause is unknown, there are many factors that contribute to this disorder. They include:
- A small bladder: When the bladder is not developed enough to hold urine that is produced at the night.
- Hormonal Imbalance: In some children, the anti-diuretic hormone is not produced enough which slows the night time urine production.
- Stress: Events that are stressful like starting a new school, sleeping away from home may trigger bed-wetting.
- Inability to recognize a full bladder: If the nerves which control the bladder matures slowly and sometimes when your child is a deep sleeper he/she may not rouse from the sleep.
- Urinary tract infection: When a child suffers from urinary tract infection it becomes very difficult for the child to control urination.
- Sleep apnea: Bed-wetting can be one of the signs of sleep apnea.
- Diabetes: If your child suffers from juvenile diabetes, then he/she may suffer from incontinence of urine.
- Chronic constipation: when the bowel movements become slow and this may lead to reduced capacity of the bladder which may cause bed-wetting.
- Anatomical defect: A defect in the urinary system or central nervous system may cause bed-wetting rarely.
- Sex: Bed-wetting is more common in boys, though it can affect anyone.
- Family history: If any of the parent suffered from this disorder as children, then there is 80% chance of their child suffering from this disorder.
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) : Bed-wetting is very common among those children who suffer from ADHD.
The symptoms for bed-wetting include:
- Frequent and urgent urination
- Burning urination
- Wetting during the day
- Dribbling Or straining while urination
- Pinkish or cloudy urine
- Involuntary urination during nights
When to consult your doctor?
Consult your child’s doctor if:
- If your child starts to wet the bed after a period of being dry at night
- Bed-wetting along with painful urination
- Your child wets the bed even after the age of 5 or 6
- Your child has unusual thirst and develops the habit of snoring
- Pink colored urine
- When you observe these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately because some children may need medical attention for some of the underlying condition.