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Bladder Stones – Causes and Symptoms of Bladder Stones

Bladder stones are very tiny masses of minerals that are formed in the bladder. When urine in the bladder gets concentrated, which results the minerals in the urine to harden or calcify or crystallize. These crystallized masses are called bladder stones and they do not cause symptoms in the initial stages and are discovered during diagnostic tests for any other problem. Small stones sometimes pass on their own but if they are large, then consult a doctor and remove the stones. If left untreated can cause infections and other complications.

Causes
If urine is retained in the bladder, they begin to form crystals and slowly forms bladder stones. I n some of the cases there are certain underlying condition that affects the bladders capacity to empty. The common conditions include:

  • Prostate gland enlargement: The enlargement of the prostate can compress the urethra and this interrupts the urine flow causing retention of urine resulting in bladder stones.
  • Neurogenic bladder: The nerves that carry messages from the brain to the urinary bladder are damaged that causes the bladder to empty urine in an incomplete manner resulting in urinary retention.
  • Bladder diverticula: These are pouches that bulge out from the bladder wall. This condition can be present at birth and in some cases they develop as a result of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation of the bladder can develop bladder stones. Radiation therapy and urinary tract infections can cause bladder inflammation.
  • Medical devices: When certain devices like catheters are inserted through the urethra to drain urine can cause bladder stones. Contraceptive device or stent when placed, the mineral crystals form on the surface of these devices and bladder stones are formed.
  • Kidney stones: Small kidney stones pass through the ureters into the bladder and if not expelled can forms stones in the bladder.

Symptoms
When the stones are large and if it causes irritation to the wall of the bladder, then the flow of urine is blocked and certain signs and symptoms are seen. They include:

  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Urine leakage
  • Dark colored urine
  • Painful urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Interruption in the flow of urine

When to consult the doctor?
Consult your doctor when you find these symptoms, as early treatment can help in the expulsion of the stones in a natural manner. If there is a delay in the treatment, then the doctor may opt for surgical intervention.You are likely to have one or more tests to help diagnose bladder stones.

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