Bites and Stings Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies for Bites and Stings
Bites and stings from insects are very common and results in swelling and redness in the injured site. A sting at times can cause life-threatening condition. Signs and symptoms of a bite results from the injection of venom or any other substances into the skin that may cause allergic reactions. The severity of the reaction depends on the sensitivity to the insect venom that has stung or bitten more than once. Most of the reactions are mild and only small percentage of people suffer a severe reaction called the anaphylaxis.
The treatment for a bite or sting includes:
Mild to Moderate reaction
- Firstly move to a safe area to avoid more bites or sting.
- If the stingers are stuck to the skin remove the stinger by using the back of a credit card.
- Never use tweezers to pull out the stingers.
- Wash the sting site with soap and water.
- Apply cold compress or a cloth filled with ice and place it on the site to reduce swelling and pain.
- Use a calamine lotion at the site of the sting.
- The doctor may prescribe an antihistamine for pain and itching.
Treating a severe reaction
Most of the cases can be treated at home but do not try to treat a suspicious bite. If severe allergic reactions take place, seek medical help immediately and till the medical help arrives, follow these steps. They include:
- Check the person’s airway, breathing and circulation (pulse).
- Cardio pulmonary resuscitation can be given if the patient is unconscious.
- Mouth to mouth ventilation can also be given if breathing stops
- Keep checking the pulse rate of the patient every 15 minutes.
- If the person has an emergency kit ready with him/her, then inject the medication epinephrine.
- Keep the person calm and call the emergency medical services (911).
- Remove any constricted clothing or items like rings if there is a swelling.
- Stay with the person till the emergency medical help arrives.
The doctor may prescribe the following groups of drugs in case of a severe reaction. These include:
- Antibiotics to reduce and prevent further infection.
- Antihistamines can be used to decrease swelling and itching.
- Pain killers may be given to reduce pain at the stung site.
- Topical application of ointment to reduce the itching and swelling.
We can prevent insect bites or sting by following tips given below:
- Try to avoid powerfully scented lotions, perfumes and soaps.
- Never try to provoke insects.
- Always use protective clothing and insect repellents.
- Use screens for all the windows in your house.
- Avoid going to places where insects are found more.
- Wear protective clothing and use insect repellents.
- Never allow water to get stagnant around your house as this allows the mosquito to breed.
- If you are allergic to any insect bite, wear a medical id bracelet and inform your family and friends regarding your sensitivity to any insect.
- Do not use insect repellent on children’s hand as they rub their hands in their mouths.
Common Home remedies for a bite and sting
Some of the common home remedies which can be done naturally with the help of some herbs. These herbs are applied over the stung site. They are:
- Lemon balm
- Tea tree oil
- Stinging nettle
Insect repellent oils include:
- Clove oil
- Neem oil
- Eucalyptus oil
- Citronella oil