Gonorrhoea – Causes and Symptoms of Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease. It is the inflammation of mucous membranes of urethra in males and vagina in females. This inflammation spreads to other parts of the body also. Gonorrhoea is a bacterium that is responsible for the infection. It is mostly spread through sexual contact. Pregnant women pass the infection to their babies and eyes are most commonly affected.

According to the research studies, people of the United States are most prone to gonorrhoea. About 700,000 people are known to be affected as per the prediction given by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Causes of Gonorrhoea
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The bacterium is passed from person to person through sexual contact including anal, vaginal or oral intercourse.

The following are the factors that increase the risk of gonorrhoea infection:

  • Previous gonorrhoea diagnosis
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • A new sexual partner
  • Younger age
  • Unsafer sex practices

Symptoms of Gonorrhoea
Gonorrhoea does not show any symptoms initially. But when symptoms arise, they are noticed first in men than in women. The symptoms vary in men and women and moreover depend on the area of infection. The following are the signs and symptoms of gonorrhoea:

In men

  • Pain or swelling in one testicle
  • Pus-like discharge from the tip of the penis
  • Painful urination

In women

  • Pelvic pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods or after vaginal intercourse
  • Painful urination
  • Increased vaginal discharge

The common symptoms in both men and women are:

  • Swollen lymphnodes in the neck
  • Sore throat
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Pus-like discharge from the eye
  • Eye pain
  • Strained bowel movements
  • Spots of blood on toilet tissue
  • Pus-like discharge from rectum
  • Anal itching

Consult a doctor if you experience any of the signs and symptoms such as pus-like discharges from the rectum, vagina or penis and burning sensations. Also consult the doctor if your partner is diagnosed with gonorrhoea.

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