Genital Warts – Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies for Genital Warts
Genital warts are caused by a group of viruses called human papilloma viruses (HPV). They are called as venereal warts or condyloma acuminata and is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Genital warts are soft, flat, fleshy, painless growths that usually appear in the anal and genital areas of both men and women. They generally occur in people between ages 17 – 33. They are spread mainly through sexual contact. The treatment, prevention and remedies for genital warts are discussed below.
Genital Warts Treatment
Genital warts occur in groups and accumulate in the genital areas. Sometimes they may occur even after treatment. Genital warts are treated only if they cause a severe discomfort. The treatments include medications and surgery.
The doctor may prescribe some medications that can be applied to the affected skin directly. The medications may be prescribed for:
- Boosting immune system’s ability
- Destroying the affected genital tissue
- Burning up the genital warts
Surgery is done to remove the warts if they have not responded to other treatments. The different surgical methods are:
- Laser treatments – In this approach, an intense light beam is used. This is very expensive method and used to treat tough warts. The drawbacks of this treatment include increased healing time, high cost and scar formation.
- Surgical excision – A local anesthetic is applied to the area of genital warts. Using surgical tools, warts are cut off.
- Electrocautery – Electric current is passed to the affected area and this burns off the warts.
- Freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy) – This approach freezes the warts using liquid nitrogen. Blisters are formed around the warts that degrade slowly and new skin appears.
Prevention of Genital Warts
Here are a few tips that help to reduce the risk of developing genital warts and therefore prevent them.
- Vaccination – Two vaccines namely gardasil and cervarix are available that prevent infection against HPV responsible for genital warts. These vaccines were approved by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These vaccines are recommended only for males and females between ages 9 to 26 and are given as a series of three shots.
- Avoid sexual contact – If you are infected with HPV, avoid sexual contact until the genital warts are treated. If you develop warts for the first time, let your partner know about that so that you can receive the necessary treatment.
- Use a condom always while having a sex. This reduces the risk of getting infected.
- Stop smoking and alcohol addiction.
Home Remedies for Genital Warts
Here are some of the home remedies for treating genital warts:
- Take an oatmeal bath to relieve the itching of genital warts.
- Applying castor oil on the warts dissolves them.
- Papaya, pineapple, banana peels and figs contain enzymes that dissolve the genital warts quickly.
- Apply fresh aloevera juice directly. This dissolves the warts and tones the skin.
- Increase the amount of sulfur containing amino acids in your food by taking onions, garlic, eggs, citrus fruits and asparagus in more amounts.