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Baker’s Cyst – Causes and Symptoms of Baker’s Cyst

Baker’s cyst is a disease of the knee joint caused by the excessive collection of the synovial joint. This occurs when the fluid present in the knee joint is forced out of the space found in between the joints towards the back of the knee, which is called as the popliteal area. Hence this cyst is also known as popliteal cyst and it usually occurs in children between the age of four and seven. Adults who suffer from this disease are aged between 35 and 70 years of age.

What are the causes of Bakers cyst?
The causes of Bakers cyst include:

  • The synovial fluid present in the knee joints lubricates the knee bones and cartilages.
  • The wear and tear of the joints are reduced by this fluid.
  • It helps to maintain the mobility of the joint by reducing friction.
  • The inflammation may be caused when the person suffers from Arthritis.
  • Osteoarthritis is regarded as another cause to this disease.
  • Tear within the cartilage.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Other knee problems can also cause baker’s cyst.
  • Trauma and injury to the knee.
  • Severe infection of the joint that may result in fluid retention.

Complications
Baker’s cyst bursts very rarely and synovial fluid leaks into the calf region which causes the following. They include:

  • Severe and sharp pain in the knee
  • Swelling
  • Tender and redness at the calf region
  • Feeling of water running down the calf muscle

Signs and symptoms of Baker’s cyst

A bakers cyst may not cause any pain and some people may not even notice it. The symptoms that you may experience or notice includes:

  • Swelling behind your knee
  • Mild to moderate knee pain
  • Stiffness or rigidity of the muscles
  • The knee area is similar to a balloon filled with water
  • Sometime swelling present in the leg

When to consult your doctor?
If you are experiencing severe pain behind the knee, consult yourdoctor immediately and take the treatment immediately.

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