Gastroenteritis – Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies for Gastroenteritis
Gastroenteritis means inflammation and irritation of stomach and intestine i.e gastrointestinal tract. It is also called as stomach flu. The infection spreads through viruses, bacteria, parasites or food-borne diseases. The germs damage the inner linings of stomach and intestine and interfere with the normal functions. The condition leads to diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pains. It may not cause any serious harm if proper care is taken initially. The treatment, prevention and natural remedies for gastroenteritis are discussed below.
Self care at home
The most important treatment of gastroenteritis is to prevent severe loss of fluids i.e dehydration. The treatment can be started at home. The treatment includes:
- Take oral re-hydration solutions. They contain a right balance of salts and sugars needed for your body
- Eat foods rich in carbohydrates such as toast or rice
- Drink water and fruit squashes abundantly
- In severe conditions, doctors may recommend medicines to stop diarrhea. Side effects such as skin reactions, dizziness, muscle cramps may result from taking medicines.
- Doctor may prescribe painkillers for headache, anti-emetics for vomits to get rid immediately.
- If the gastroenteritis is caused by bacterial infection, stool sample is sent for laboratory testing. This helps to determine the kind of antibiotic to treat the condition.
If there is severe dehydration, lots of fluids are lost from the body. In this case, fluids are directly supplemented to the bloodstream through vein (intravenously).
Prevention of Gastroenteritis
The key to prevention is to block the spread of infections caused by the organisms. Prevention is the only way to avoid gastroenteritis. Here are few precautionary methods to reduce the risk of gastroenteritis:
- Avoid eating foods and drinking liquids that are contaminated and about which you are not sure of
- Wash your hands after using the bathroom or after changing diapers
- Before traveling abroad, make sure you had all the required vaccinations and always use bottled water
- Avoid sharing personal items such as plates, glasses, towels and clothings
If you have gastroenteritis, it may be infectious to others. Hence, prevent it from spreading to other family members by:
- not preparing food for others
- not sharing clothings and towels
- cleaning the toilet with disinfectant after using it
- proper cleaning or hygienically disposing the used items
Home Remedies for Gastroenteritis
Here are few home remedies to treat Gastroenteritis
- Drink fresh lemon juice 2 to 3 times a day. This is effective in treating gastroenteritis
- Prepare tea using blackberry roots and take it
- Having clay mixed with water is very effective to prevent gastroenteritis
- Campfire ash is brewed with tea and take this 2 to 3 times a day
- Apply warm compresses to get rid of abdominal pain in gastroenteritis
- Grapefruit seed extract is highly beneficial when taken in liquid form