Androgen insensitivity syndrome – Treatment of Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a group of genetic disorder where a person who is genetically male is found resistant to male hormones. The person has physical characteristics of a women despite the fact that the genetic make up is of man. It occurs very rarely because of a gene mutation. This disorder is an inherited and X-linked recessive trait in which the baby is born with testis and posses male and female characteristics.
The treatment plan for a person suffering from this disorder include:
Medical care for a patient with androgen insensitivity syndrome include:
Hormone replacement therapy
- This therapy is the first and is less complex and adults and adolescent patients require hormone replacement.
- This consists of the hormone estrogen replacement.
- Patients who have male gender identity, can be treated with testosterone or dihydrotestosterone.
- Progesterone is given only if it is needed along with estrogen.
- This type of hormonal replacement therapy can vary depending upon the nature of the gene defect.
- Psychological support is one of the most important aspect of medical care.
- Parents need genetic counseling to understand the nature of the condition and try to identify other potential carriers.
- Adults with this syndrome may lack emotional and psychological support.
- Contact other individuals suffering from this disorder as this gives the patient the needed emotional and psychological support.
- The Androgen Insensitivity syndrome support group has many organizations in the United states, that support and takes care of this syndrome.
- The standard surgery for individuals suffering from this disorder is orchidectomy.
- Women suffering from this disorder may need vaginal lengthening procedures.
- Cosmetic re constructive surgeries can also be performed during infancy.
- The doctor may initially assess the disorder and take an ultrasound and decide the type of intervention needed according to the condition of the patient.
- Improvement is seen in a patient suffering from this disorder if he or she gets treated at he correct time.