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Fragile X Syndrome – Treatment and Prevention of Fragile X Syndrome

Fragile X Syndrome, also known as Martin-Bell syndrome is a condition of mental retardation. It leads to severe physical deformations in the affected person. This is an inherited disorder caused by a change in a gene called Fragile X Mental Retardation (FMR1) gene. Depending on the degree of alteration in the gene, syndrome varies from person to person. Both men and women are equally affected with this syndrome. The treatment, prevention and remedies for fragile X syndrome are discussed below.

Fragile X Syndrome Treatment
Eventhough there is no cure for fragile X syndrome, there are some ways to control the symptoms of the condition. Standard treatment methods that are given to the affected people and their families are:

  • Providing educational and emotional support
  • Speech therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Language therapy
  • Providing specialized education
  • Behavioral therapy
  • Surgical corrections of heart ailments
  • Genetic counseling

Recently it has been found out that folic acid improves attention deficits and hyperactivity in males affected with fragile X syndrome.

In some cases, medications may help to treat the hyperactivity, seizures, aggression and short attention span that occur in this syndrome.

Prevention of Fragile X Syndrome
The only way to prevent the fragile X syndrome is to make the existing and prospective parents with family history of this disorder aware of the following facts.

  • Avoid the chance of having a second affected child if the previous child is already affected. This can be possible through prenatal diagnosis i.e detecting any abnormalities in the fetus.
  • Approach genetic counselor before planning for an addition to the family. This helps to determine the level of risk in the family.
  • Diagnosis of the unborn child helps to take the timely steps if any abnormality is detected in the child.

Cope and support
Affected people especially children should be given care and support. These ideas can be followed.

  • Learn about the disorder – both the myths and misconceptions
  • Seek out advice from other families affected with fragile X syndrome
  • Take time for yourself and provide the right care to the affected person
  • Take advices from child educationists and therapists regarding the disorder

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