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Myofascial Pain Trigger Points

Have you known that Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) is diagnosed through the presence of trigger points in the muscles? Do you know what myofascial pain trigger points are? Do you know what causes myofascial pain trigger points?

In our previous article, we have written about what Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) is, general information about MPS, definition, symptoms and how it is diagnosed.

As we have promised before, now we provide you with the information about myofascial pain trigger points and what causes them.

General Information
Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) caused by hyper-irritable spots called trigger points. These trigger points develop in skeletal muscle or in the linings of the muscles (myofascia).

Around 44 million of Americans suffer with MPS. Unfortunately, even though the numbers of MPS sufferers are quite big, little is known about MPS in the medical community. Hence, it is difficult to differentiate MPS from other forms of soft-tissue rheumatism, such as subacromial bursitis, epicondylitis, trochanteric bursitis, anserine bursitis, and fibromyalgia.

It is also regrettable that the practical experience to make an accurate diagnose on MPS are not sufficiently available in many medical schools.

Trigger Point Definition
If you have MPS, the pain that you get comes from the development of trigger points in a specific group of muscles. The presence of trigger points would be one of the significant signs of MPS.

Trigger points are small exquisitely tender areas, which cause pain referred to a distant region, called the referred pain zone. Trigger points are activated by pressure, movement, change of barometric pressure and also physical or emotional tension.

Causes of Trigger Points

Myofascial pain trigger points may develop from several factors. The factors are as follows:

  • Direct trauma
  • Inflammatory processes
  • Joint problems
  • Chilling
  • Poor posture over time
  • Strains
  • Surgical incisions
  • Muscle fatigue

Other possible medical causes are:

  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Infectious diseases
  • Untreated allergies
  • Viscero-somatic pain
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Drug-induced myalgia

From the information above, we can see that the cause of trigger points is multi-factorial, such as trauma, mechanical stresses, sleep disturbances or even hysteria. All these factors may lead to muscle spasm. When muscle spasm happened, it becomes self sustained and forms a vicious cycle along with the pain.

Lastly, kindly remember to consult with your doctor and other healthcare professionals in order to have a deeper understanding about myofascial pain trigger points.

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