Ganglion – Causes and Symptoms of Ganglion

A ganglion is a cyst or sac-like swelling formed from the tissue that lines tendons or joints. The tissue normally functions to produce lubricating fluid for these areas. In this case, the ganglion cysts are filled thick jelly like fluid. They usually do not pose any problems unless inflamed or irritated.

The size of the cyst may increase as time passes by and results in discomfort. These can cause embarrassment for the person as they are visible outside. Ganglion cysts are more common in women than in men.

Causes of Ganglion

The exact cause for ganglion formation is not known. Scientists believe that ganglion cysts are formed by overuse of joints, that may lead to degeneration of surrounding tissues, resulting in cyst formation. Earlier it was a prediction that ganglion cysts were formed as a result of protrusion of synovium pockets from the joints. But researchers proved it as a wrong conception.

Here are some factors mentioned below that put a person at a greater risk of developing ganglions.

  • Injury to joint or tendons of feet or hands.
  • Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis. This condition increases the fluids in the joints. The excess fluids leak into the tendons and hence accumulates in the existing cyst.
  • Repetitive and regular movements of your wrists or hands increase the stress and may lead to the condition.

Symptoms of Ganglion
The signs and symptoms of ganglion are:

  • If the cyst is connected to a tendon, you may feel sense of weakness in the affected area
  • Pain is nonstop, aching and is worsen during the joint motion
  • Most cysts cause pain followed by repetitive or acute trauma
  • Swelling appears suddenly, becomes smaller in size and disappears and again reappears at some other point of time
  • The cyst is soft and doesn’t move
  • The cysts change their size repeatedly

Consult a doctor if you experience a pain or lump in your foot, wrists or hands. Doctor diagnoses the condition and gives you the required treatment.

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