Food Poisoning – Treatment, Prevention and Home Remedies for Food Poisoning
Food poisoning is a common illness that occur as a result of consumption of contaminated food and water. The condition is sometimes mild and sometimes may lead to life threatening illness. The common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pains, nausea, nervous damage, bloody stools, fever and chills. The treatment, prevention and home remedies for food poisoning are discussed below.
Food Poisoning Treatment
Most food poisoning effects clear up within few days on its own and the affected person can recover easily. The main aim of the treatment is to avoid dehydration and make one feel better. The self care tips to be taken at home are:
- Drink electrolyte solution repeatedly to keep hydration levels of the body high
- Drink lots of glasses of juices to get instant energy
- Avoid diary products and solid foods until the diarrhea is stopped
These fluids and electrolytes maintain the balance of fluids in the body and provide minerals like calcium, sodium and potassium.
- In some cases, children will not be able to drink fluids due to nausea. In that case, seek medical professional help. The fluids are supplemented through the vein.
- Antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor if the symptoms are severe and the source for poisoning is bacterial.
- In case of fever or bloody diarrhea, do not take medications without talking to your doctor.
- You need urgent medical help if you have ingested toxins. The doctor removes the toxins by emptying the stomach.
- Doctors give prompt antibiotic treatment to the affected pregnant women. It keeps the baby away from the infection.
Prevention of Food Poisoning
Here are the steps you can follow to prevent food poisoning:
- Discard the food when in doubt: Do not eat the food if you are not sure about its storage and preparation. Even the food kept at room temperature for long time is to be discarded.
- Defrost food safely: The safest way to defrost food is to keep it in refrigerator to microwave the food using the defrost. Running cold water over the food also defrosts the food.
- Refrigerate the perishable foods: Keep the perishable foods in refrigerator within two hours as soon as they are purchased.
- Cook foods at a safe temperature: Microorganisms present in the food can be killed by cooking them at temperatures between 145 F to 165 F. The temperature of the cooked food can be known by food thermometer.
- Keep the raw foods separate from ready-to-eat foods: The raw foods such as fish, poultry, meat should be kept away from other foods while purchasing, preparing and storing foods.
- Wash your hands, food surfaces and utensils: Wash your hands often with soap and water. Wash the utensils, cutting board and other surfaces before handling them.
Avoid the below mentioned foods to prevent food poisoning.
- Uncooked hot dogs, luncheon meats
- Refrigerated and spread meats
- Soft and unpasteurized cheeses
- Unpasteurized milk and its products
- Raw sprouts such as radish, clover, bean or alfalfa
- Raw and undercooked eggs, fish and meat
Home Remedies for Food Poisoning
- Roast half cup of cumin seeds, half cup of fenugreek seeds. Powder the mixture, add 4 teaspoon of curd to the mixture and take 3 times a day. This is a very effective home remedy for food poisoning.
- Mix chopped basil leaves with salt, black pepper and curd. Eat the mixture 4 times a day for a week.
- Prepare a mixture of ginger juice, lemon juice and pepper. Drink it.
- Grind a lemon along with the seeds. Add salt to it and make a paste. Take one tea spoon 3 times a day.
- Have a cup of ginger tea after meals. This promotes good digestion.
- Add three drops of garlic oil to a cup of soya oil . Rub on to the stomach after having food.
- Mix a tablespoon of lemon juice in a cup of hot water and drink this before a meal. This prevents acid indigestion.
- Avoid deep fried foods such as condiments, spices, alcohol, candies, pastries and preserves.