Febrile Convulsions – Causes and Symptoms of Febrile Convulsions

Febrile convulsions are fits or seizures that are quite common in babies and young children. They occur when there is a of sudden rise in temperature or high fever. The young children are often prone to fevers because the the temperature controls in their body are not fully developed. The febrile convulsions typically occur at initial stages of an infection.

Febrile convulsions affect children of ages 1 to 4. On an average they affect about 1 in 20 children. They are harmless and rarely cause a serious problem.

Febrile Convulsions Causes

Febrile convulsions may develop in a child at any point of the childhood. This is because the child ‘s brain is not developed perfectly and is immatured. The following are the causes that lead to febrile convulsions:

  • Frequent illness and infections
  • If the elder siblings are affected and suffered from convulsions
  • Genetically inherited from parents
  • Sudden rise in temperatures
  • The MMR(measles, mumps,rubella) vaccine is also a cause for convulsions
  • The first febrile convulsion attack if accompanied with a low body temperature i.e below 102.2 degrees F may also be a cause.

Febrile Convulsion Symptoms

Following are the common symptoms seen in children with febrile convulsions:

  • The child falls asleep after the convulsion stops and remains in a confusion and irritable state
  • Skin turns blue and becomes pale for sometime
  • Arms and legs begin to jerk and head is thrown backwards
  • Rolling of the eyes upwards
  • Muscle spasms of limbs and face
  • No control in the bladder and bowel movements
  • Stops breathing about 30 seconds
  • Becomes stiff
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Brief seizures

Febrile convulsions are of two types. They are simple and complex febrile convulsions.

Simple febrile convulsions: The common type of convulsions that occur in most of the children and babies. They last for a few seconds to ten minutes.

Complex febrile convulsions: These convulsions are confined to one part of the child’s body. They last for more than 15 minutes and occur frequently within a day.

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