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Alzheimer’s Disease – Causes and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the commonly occurring form of dementia.In this disorder the patient loses social and intellectual abilities when it becomes severe the result is found to interfere with activities of daily living. In this degeneration of the healthy brain tissue takes place which results in decline of memory and mental abilities. Those suffering from alzheimer’s disease need support, care and affection from family and friends to cope up with this disease.

Causes of Alzheimer’s disease

Scientists believe that there are many factors that trigger the onset of symptoms but its effects on the brain tissue is understood. In this disease the brain cells are damaged and killed. There are two types of brain cells that causes damage to the brain. They include:

Plaques

  • Harmless protein called beta-amyloid are formed in clusters and they interfere with communication between the brain cells.
  • The final cause of neuron death is unknown but evidence states that beta-amyloid a protein is the culprit as it processes abnormally.

Tangles

  • The brain structure present internally depends on a protein called tau which helps in normal functioning of the cells.
  • Alterations in the threads of tau protein results in the twisting of the tau protein which the researchers believe is one of the cause for neuron damage or death.

Other Factors

There are other factors that makes some people at high risk for developing alzheimer’s. They include:

  • Age : Alzheimer’s affects people who are above 65 but rarely those below 40 are also affected.
  • Hereditary: If your parent, sister or brother has this disease, then your developing of alzheimer’s is slightly higher.
  • Sex:Research says woman are more likely to suffer from this disease.
  • Lifestyle: The factors like high blood pressure, cholesterol and poorly controlled diabetes are also likely to develop alzheimer’s.

Symptoms

The major symptoms include:

  • Memory loss
  • Forget conversations
  • Misplace things often
  • Repeat things
  • Forget the names of the family members
  • Problems with recognizing and dealing with numbers
  • Disorientation
  • Difficulty performing daily tasks
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Increased stubbornness
  • Anxiety
  • Distrust in others
  • Aggressiveness
  • Loss of judgment
  • Difficulty in performing familiar tasks

When to consult your Health care Provider?

When you find the above symptoms, consult your doctor immediately before the condition of the person worsens.

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