Agoraphobia – Causes, Symptoms of agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is a disorder in which the person suffers from anxiety related to fear. In agoraphobia, the person avoids places where it is embarrassing to get out quickly and the person is prone to get panic attacks. They avoid places where they think they may suffer a panic attack. They have a tough time in public places, especially in the midst of a crowd. They fear places like public transportation, shopping malls, driving, sporting events, elevators and airplanes. Some people are trapped in their own homes and they feel very much safe and comfortable and they don’t go into public places.

What are the causes of Agoraphobia?

Experts think that it is a complication of panic attacks and although the correct cause for agoraphobia is not known, researchers have shown that it occurs because of many factors including environmental and biological. These factors include:

Abnormalities in the Brain

  • Problems in some parts of the brain can cause this disorder.
  • Trauma to the brain may be one of the cause.

Agoraphobia a complication of Panic disorder

  • Regular attacks of panic disorder is one of the factors that trigger agoraphobia.
  • These attacks can be very frightening and they cause people to think that they are losing their control and even as if they are dying.

Medications and Substances

  • Long term intake of tranquilizers like benzodiazepines are linked with this disorder.
  • Health care professionals have reported that people with dependence on drugs like benzodiazepines have been treated agoraphobia symptoms eventually improve.

Other Factors

  • History of drug abuse
  • History of alcohol abuse
  • A very stressful event like a devastating earthquake, loss of job, an explosion or war
  • History of mental illness like anorexia or depression
  • Traumatic childhood experience

What are the symptoms ?

Phobia is an excessive fear of a specific circumstances or any situation. Agoraphobia is an excessive fear or worry of having a panic attack in a public place. The symptoms include:

  • Fear of losing control in public place
  • Fear of being alone
  • Fear of being in crowded place like sports stadium or shopping mall
  • Over Dependence on others
  • The person stays at home for long periods
  • A sense that your body is unreal
  • Sense of helplessness

Other symptoms include

  • Dizziness
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Lightheaded
  • Trouble breathing
  • Nausea
  • Feeling a loss of control
  • Stomach upset
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Flushing
  • Chest pain
  • Excessive sweating

When to consult the Health care Professionals?

  • When you feel that your ability to work, socialize, and attend important events are severely limited meet your physician immediately.
  • Never allow agoraphobia to make your world smaller.
  • Call your doctor immediately if you have these signs and treat yourself or anybody suffering from agoraphobia.

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