Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – Treatment, Prevention of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuro developmental problem where the child has problems with attention or concentration on activities that need mental reasoning or effort. They are mainly differentiated by the following characteristics impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention. Therapy for this disorder may be the use of medication, adjustments in day to day activities and behavioral therapy. Research done in the United States indicate that around 8-10% of children fall under the criteria of ADHD.
The standard remedy for ADHD in children include medications and counseling. Other treatments include family and community support. They include:
- Doctor may prescribe stimulant and non- stimulant drugs for curing ADHD.
- Antidepressants maybe used for those children who do not respond to stimulants.
- Give your child the right amount of the prescribed dose.
- Teens and children should not be in charge of their own medication.
- Keep these drugs carefully locked in a childproof container.
- Young children are very sensitive to drug overdose and they are potentially fatal.
- Never send the medication supplies to school with your child.
- Psychotherapy helps adults to talk about issues that bother them and know the negative behavioral patterns and learn to deal with them.
- Behavioral therapy is mainly for parents and teachers as they are taught behavior changing strategy and how to deal with difficult situations.
- The strategy involves reward systems and timeouts.
- Family therapy can deal with stress of living with someone who has ADHD as this therapy is used for parents and siblings of the affected.
- Parenting skills and Training help parents to develop ways to guide and understand the behavior of the child.
How can we prevent Attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome?
There are a few steps that help prevent problems caused by ADHD and assure that your child is physically, emotionally and mentally healthy. They include:
- Never use drugs, smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol during pregnancy.
- Protect your child from pollutants and toxic substances.
- Make a daily routine for your child like bedtime, breakfast time, meal time, chores and television.
- Make it a point to praise your child and keep an eye to eye contact when you are talking to them.
- Always work with care takers and teachers to find out the problems as early treatment can reduce the impact of the condition.
Care of a child at Home with Attention deficit
- Show your child lots of love and appreciate him/her for the positive things.
- Show signs of affection with a pat on the shoulder or a hug.
- Try to remain calm when dealing with a child.
- Take time and try to enjoy with your child and give positive attention every day.
- Try not to make your child tired, as fatigue makes symptoms of ADHD worse.
- Find ways to improve your child’s discipline and self-esteem.
- Use simple words and speak slowly, quietly and be very specific.
Children in School
- Find out about various programs that the school may have for children with ADHD.
- A child may be eligible for additional services offered under the federal laws.
- These can include changes in the classroom set up, curriculum adjustments and modified teaching techniques.
- Communicate with teachers and support them by helping your child in the classroom.
- Ask the school authorities about having your child use a computer as they have problems with writing.
Coping and Support
Raising a child with ADHD can be emotionally draining but there are ways we can face these challenges very easily. Try to cope up and accept the challenges with some of the resources that may help you include:
- Include your close relatives, friends as you can share your experiences with them.
- If you let people know you are suffering from ADHD, they may understand you better and improve your relationships.
- Support groups help you meet other people suffering from ADHD and you can share your experiences and coping mechanisms.
- They are available in person, on-line and in many communities.
- The Attention deficit disorder Association is one of the active organizations working actively and is located at Wilmington in Delaware in the United States of America.