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Tuberculosis – Treatment, Prevention and Remedies of Tuberculosis

The classic symptoms of Tuberculosis include – chronic cough and coughing out blood, fever and chills, night sweats and weight loss. But the symptoms and severity varies from person to person. TB can affect other organs also causing a wide range of symptoms. TB can be diagnosed by -

  • tuberculin skin test
  • blood tests
  • microscopic examination of body fluids
  • microbiological culture of bodily fluids

Treatment of Tuberculosis
The treatment for tuberculosis is often difficult and requires a long monitored course of multiple antibiotics. The major complication seen is with antibiotic resistance. This is a growing problem in multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis. Antibiotics are used to kill the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The two commonly used antibiotics are – rifampicin and isoniazid. Instead of short courses, the antibiotics are used on a long term for about 6-24 months.

The long term course is essential to eliminate the bacterium completely from our body. The structure and the chemical structure of the bacterial cell wall is very unusual. So the entry of the antibiotics inside the cell is restricted. This lowers and hinders the effect of the antibiotics. Sometimes a combination of drugs (antibiotics) are given to eliminate the drug-resistant microbes inside the body.

Prevention of Tuberculosis
The entire system of TB prevention is dependent on screening programs and vaccination. TB prevention takes two approaches that have to be followed parallely. First, identifying the contacts, screening and treating them. Second, vaccinating the children to prevent them from TB infection. The BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) vaccine is used as one of the most popular preventive measure in infants. This vaccine aims at preventing the infants from the deadly TB infection. But it does not show any effect on adults. A few hygienic tips would help you in preventing the TB infection to invade your body. Those are -

  • Wash your hands, face and legs every time you come home from outside.
  • Use an antiseptic lotion to clean your hands after and before taking food.
  • Always hold your baby after cleaning your hands with antiseptic hand wash.
  • Use a kerchief or mask to cover your nose while traveling. This will not only prevent you from TB infection but also from pollution.
  • Use your hand or kerchief while sneezing or coughing.
  • Maintain distance from people who are sneezing or coughing.
  • Immediate treatments must be done for coughing out blood.
  • If any of the TB symptom persists, rush for immediate medical help.
  • If anyone is infected with Tb in your locality or home, separate all your belongings from the infected ones.
  • Maintain proper hygiene standards for safety.

Home Remedies for Tuberculosis

  • Milk Diet
    Calcium is the chief therapeutic agent required for treatment of TB. And milk is the most rich source of calcium in food. The milk that has not been pasteurised or the raw milk shows the best results. But do ensure its safety and cleanliness. Sufficient rest is needed with a milk diet.
  • Custard Apple
    Custard apple is also one of the most valuable remedy for tuberculosis as it has the qualities of rejuvenating drugs.
  • Indian Gooseberry
    Amla or Indian gooseberry is also valuable home-based treatment for tuberculosis. Regular use of Indian gooseberries can promote vitality and vigour in the body.
  • Pineapple
    You can take Pineapple juice as a home remedy for tuberculosis. It can dissolve the mucus effectively triggering recovery.
  • Banana
    The juice of the ordinary cooking bananas or the plantains are an effective method of TB treatment. It can show beneficial results even during the advanced stage of the disease with symptoms of high fever, frequent cough and abundant expectorant.
  • Orange
    A glass of orange juice mixed with a tbs of honey and a pinch of salt can work wonders if taken daily. Due to the saline action in the lungs the expectoration becomes easy. This makes the orange juice an effective home remedy for TB. Orange juice can also protect from secondary infections.
  • Drumstick
    You can prepare soup from drumstick leaves by adding a handful of leaves to the boiling water. Add salt, pepper and lime juice to it. Drinking it every morning will help you in relieving the severity of your symptoms.
  • Bottle Gourd
    Bottle gourd if consumed daily in cooked or uncooked form can help in developing immunity against the tubercular germs.
  • Mint
    Mint juice is popular for its medicinal use. Mint juice is a helpful home cure method for TB by liquefying the sputum, increasing the body resistance, nourishing the lungs and preventing the harmful effects of the anti-tubercular drugs.

Other home care tips to treat Tuberculosis are -

  • Avoid all devitalising foods like -
    • whitebread
    • refined cereals
    • white sugar
  • Do not consume -
    • pudding and pies
    • strong tea
    • coffee
    • tinned, canned or preserved foods
    • condiments
    • pickles
    • sauces
  • Proper rest must be taken to peace and calm the mind and the body.
  • Do not entertain any stresses as it will delay the healing process.
  • Fresh air is always vital in healing. Try to spend most of your time in open air and sleep in a well-ventilated room.
  • Exposure to sunshine has shown good results in killing the infection rapidly.

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