Urinary Tract Infection – Treatment, Prevention and Remedies of Urinary tract Infection

Infections in the urinary tract is treated usually with a short antibiotic course. But the mode of treatment is often decided by the severity and the extent of the infection. Based on these, three approaches of treatment are followed –

  • Uncomplicated Approach –
    Sometimes when the UTI is not complicated, it can be diagnosed based on its symptoms only. Even treatment is also easy and based on symptoms. Most women (about 50%) have been found to have recovered on their own without the use of any antibiotics in a few days. The various oral antibiotics used to treat UTI are –

    • Cephalosporins
    • Fluoroquinolone (such as ciprofloxacin)
    • Trimethoprim
    • Nitrofurantoin
    • Phenazopyridine (to treat painful urination]
  • Pyelonephritis –
    More aggressive form of bladder infections are referred as Pyelonephritis. Hence, it requires more aggressive treatment compared to the simple bladder infection. It may include –

    • using a longer course of oral antibiotics
    • taking intravenous antibiotics
    • using a combination of various antibiotics
    • if antibiotics fail, then –
      • imaging is done to find presence of abscess in or around the kidney
      • presence of an obstructing lesion (such as a tumor or stone) is also found
  • Recurrent –
    If a woman is prone to recurrent onset of simple UTIs, then self-treatment has been found effective during the occurrence of the symptoms.

Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection

  • Drinking 10-14 glasses of water in a day will protect from any kind of urinary infection. Consuming so much of water will flush away all infection and infection-causing factors.
  • Try your best not to suppress your urge to urinate.
  • Wiping from front to back is a better way to stop the entry of microbes from the anus to the vagina or urethra.
  • Taking showers is beneficial than bubble baths.
  • Washing genital areas after and before a sexual intercourse is a healthy practise.
  • Urinating before and after an intercourse will also help in preventing the transference of infection from one partner to another.
  • Do not use scented sprays and avoid douching in the vaginal area. This can cause infection and irritation.
  • Drink cranberry juice in a good amount. It has medicinal properties that can not only heal but also prevent the infection.
  • Avoid caffeine in coffee, tea, chocolates, carbonated rinks and others.
  • Consume Vitamin C supplements on suspecting a UTI.
  • Spices like cinnamon and tincture mixture of herbs (like buchu, juniper berries, uva ursi) can be used as antiseptics to clean bladder and kidney.
  • Do not consume bladder irritants like tomatoes, aged cheese, spicy foods, chocolate, alcohol, nicotine and other citrus foods.
  • Do not wear tight underwear.

Preventive steps to reduce the incidence of Urinary Tract Infections –

  • Take a prolonged course of low-dose antibiotics (usually nitrofurantoin) for about 6-12 months.
  • For post-menopausal women, intravaginal application of topical estrogen cream is ideal in preventing recurrent cystitis.
  • Breastfeeding can reduce the risk of UTIs in infants.

Home remedies for Urinary Tract Infection

  • Baking Soda –
    • Mix about 1/2 tsp of baking soda in 8 oz. glass of water.
    • Drink this mixture when the first signs of the UTI are observed.
    • Baking soda will help in raising the acid-base balance of the acidic urine.
  • Water –
    • Drinking excess of water is never harmful.
    • In fact, it will help in flushing out all possible infections in our body.
    • Drinking water in plenty will also enable in a good flow of the urine and decreasing the chances of infection.
  • Cranberry Juice –
    • Cranberry juice do not allow bacteria to cling to the lining of the urinary tract.
  • Aromatherapy –
    • An essential oil may be prepared by mixing equal parts of –
      • bergamot
      • frankincense
      • juniper
      • sandalwood
      • tea tree
    • Rub this oil mixture on your bladder area for 3-4 days.
  • Echinacea –
    • About 2 capsules of Echinacea and Oregon grape root or goldenseal can be consumed thrice in a day to fight the infection.

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    on November 30, 2012