Endometriosis – Causes and Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disorder of female reproductive system. It is a condition where a tissue similar to the lining of uterus is formed in location outside the uterus. These cells are found on ovaries, outer surface of intestine, uterus, fallopian tubes and surface of pelvic cavity. The same cells are shed during the menstrual cycle. These cells are called as endometrial implants and are benign.

Endometriosis affects about 3% to 18% women in United States. Most cases have been diagnosed in women aged around 25-35 years. This is one of the main cause for pelvic pains during menstruation. It is also common in women who are tall and lean with a low body mass.

Causes of Endometriosis

The causes of endometriosis remains uncertain. Here are few theories which explain the causes endometriosis.

  • During menstruation, in some cases, there is a back up of menstrual flow into the fallopian tubes, abdominal and pelvic cavities. The endometrial tissue deposits in unusual locations that leads to endometriosis. This is also called as retrograde menstruation.
  • The areas lining the pelvic organs may possess primitive cells. These cells grow into tissues and resemble endometrial cells. This is also called as coelomic metaplasia.
  • Endometrial fragments may also travel to other parts of the body through blood vessels. These end up in distant sites, such as brain, lung, eye and skin and cayse endometriosis.
  • The first degree relatives of women affected with endometriosis are likely to develop this disease. The disease worsens in the coming generation as it is hereditary.
  • Environmental factors are also responsible for endometriosis. The toxins present in environment have an affect on immune system and hormones, and they contribute to a little extent for endometriosis.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis tends to worsen over time. Some women do not show any symptoms, but the disease is discovered only by the endometrial implants found outside the uterus while undergoing an unrelated operation. Many women experience the severe unfortunate pain of endometriosis.

Pain may be felt:

  • During ovulation
  • When passing urine
  • Before, during and after menstruation
  • In the lower back region
  • During or after sexual intercourse
  • In the bowel during menstruation

Other signs and symptoms are

  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Irregular and heavy bleeding
  • Infertility

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