Eczema in Children – Treatment, Prevention of Eczema in Children and Remedies for Eczema in Children
Eczema is a common and the most frustrating condition for children as well as their parents. There’s no cure for eczema. It is difficult to treat and parents often get different advices about how to treat it.
Treatment for Eczema in Children
The typical treatments for eczema in children are giving topical steroid and non-steroid medications. Doctors diagnose the type of eczema and the cause for it and provide medication accordingly.
Topical steroid medication – These are very mild and can be used on the face. They range from mid to super potent topical steroids and are prescribed by skin specialists. Mid potent steroids such as Fluticasone, mometasone, hydrocortisone butyrate, prednicarbate are commonly prescribed for children. But using these creams for a long time may cause side effects such as stretch marks and thinning of skin.
Topical steroid free medication – These are newer medications also called as immunomodulators. Steroid-free medications like Elidel and Protopic are prescribed for children over the age of two. They can be used twice a day. Using them at the first sign of rash or itching helps to avoid flares quickly.
Antihistamines – They are a good treatment regimen for eczema. Antihistamines like Atarax or Benadryl work well. They are helpful if itching interferes with your child’s sleep. Cold compress is also very effective at helping your child from itching.
The other treatments which are available to treat extreme cases of eczema are using wet dressings, ultraviolet light therapy, oral steroids and prescribing immunosuppressive drugs like cyclosporin.
Prevention of Eczema for Children
Researches and scientists believe that there’s no way to prevent it since eczema is an inherited disease. The main causes for eczema in children are to be avoided to prevent the disease. They are:
- Allowing the skin to dry-up
- Dry winter air
- Certain fabric clothes like coarse wool and woven materials
- Harsh soaps and detergents
- Extreme stress
- Tobacco smoke
- Excessive heat
It is often hard to avoid the main causes for eczema. Hence the following measures are to be taken to prevent the disease
- To avoid flares, apply moisturizers
- Give your child a daily bath using mild soap and lukewarm water. This helps to avoid dry skin
- Greasy creams like Vaseline and Aquaphor are to be applied. They work very well on dry skin
- Apply the moisturizer at least 2-3 times a day
Home Remedies for Eczema in Children
Here are some home remedies enlisted to prevent eczema in children
- Cocunut oil is applied to the portions of the skin affected with eczema.
- Rub nutmeg against a stone with water. Apply the paste to the affected area.
- Mix one teaspoon of camphor and one teaspoon of sandalwood paste and apply on the affected areas.
- A combination of carrot juice and spinach juice is beneficial for eczema.
- Drinking tomato juice clears the eczema in few days.
- Drinking plenty of water and orange juices help in reducing eczema.