Vulvodynia – Symptoms And Causes Of Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia is a syndrome causing chronic pain. It is also called vestibulodynia. Vestobulodynia refers to the pain at the vulva or vaginal region. When the pain is localized in the vestibular region it is referred to as Vulvar Vestibulitis. The entry point into the vagina is referred as vestibular region. When the pain extends into the clitoris, it is known as Clitorodynia.

Symptoms of Vulvodynia

The most typical symptom here, is the pain. This pain is characterised by the following signs at the vulva, labia and at the entrance to the vagina –

  • burning sensation
  • stinging pain
  • irritation
  • sharp pain
  • The pain felt may be constant or intermittent. But pain may also be felt when the vulva is touched
  • It is usually observed that the pain do lasts for more than 3 months
  • Either one place or the entire area of the vulva may be painful
  • Pain can either occur during or after sexual activities
  • Whenever any extra pressure is applied to the vulvar area, the pain increases. Example –
    • sitting for a longer time
    • riding a bike
    • inserting a tampoon
    • horseback riding
  • The pain and symptoms of Vulvodynbia can affect the woman emotionally, at times leading to depression.

Causes of Vulvodynia

The most common causes of Vulvodynia include –

  • genetic predisposition to inflammation (inherited or caused due to genetic factors)
  • allergies or other sensitivities
  • presence of an autoimmune disorder similar to eczyma, lupus erythematosus or Lichen Sclerosus
  • infections with yeast, bacterial vaginosis or HPV
  • injury
  • neuropathy (an increased number of nerve endings at the vaginal area)
  • negative outcome of a genital surgery (commonly, labiectomy)
  • A few cases of vulvodynia appear random. No particular cause leading to this syndrome has been determined yet.

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    on December 1, 2012