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Williams Syndrome – Treatment of Williams Syndrome

Williams Syndrome is seen very rarely (1 out of every 20,000 births). Deletion of some genetic material from the chromosome 7 causes WMS in humans. Passing on the disorder to the offspring is possible for about 50 % of cases and others get it by random deletion or mutation in the chromosome no.7.
Personality disorders, behavioral abnormalities, mental retardation, facial abnormalities, heart problems and blood calcium problems are a few of the common symptoms of WMS. But how to treat WMS is needed to be discussed.

Treatment Of Williams Syndrome

Start with gathering the family history of the patient or the clinical history of the family. If you find any link, then it is obvious to pass on the same condition.
This counts for about 50% of total chances of occurrence. Those who are diagnosed with Williams Syndrome due to random mutation of genetic material, are also likely to pass it to their children.
So medical examination is necessary. Allow your physician for a careful and detailed examination. Some specific signs that can act as diagnostic symptoms include –

  • a visible star-like pattern in the iris (eye)
  • problems in cognitive skills
  • noticeable developmental problems
  • abnormally large lips
  • patient breathing through mouth
  • difficulty in feeding
  • joint problems
  • small body stature

The treatment of Williams Syndrome should be done as soon as the symptoms arise. There is no cure for the overall condition. But treating the signs and recurring symptoms involves the whole strategy of treatment. Have a close look at your child’s development and health condition.

Blood test must be done to check for the levels of calcium. One of the common symptoms involves high levels of calcium in the blood, which is required to be treated. Because higher levels of blood calcium can be dangerous for your child’s health. In such cases,

  • avoid foods rich in calcium
  • avoid calcium supplements
  • check foods and supplements with Vitamin D

Check the blood pressure regularly. WMS patient may suffer from cardiac conditions like narrowing of the aorta and/or narrowing of the blood vessels. Because such conditions may lead to serious conditions of heart. The primary sign of this condition occurs as Hypertension or high blood pressure.

Periodical ultrasound tests of the kidney might be recommended by your physician. This will help in identifying infections or defects at the renal region or the kidney. Such renal defects can also be a sign of a person suffering from WMS. Treatment involves treating these infections and assisting in curing the defects. There are chances of kidney stones occurring, so the physician always keeps a close check.

To ease with eye-sight problems, glasses may be used.

Physical therapy programs may also help in treating joint and muscle problems. The therapist may also work on problems with developmental issues and speech abnormalities.

Till today, there is no known method of treatment to cure Williams Syndrome. But a few tips must be followed to help the patient and control the severity.

  • Avoiding consuming excess of foods or supplements rich in Vitamin D and Calcium
  • Immediate treatment of unusually high levels of blood calcium and blood pressure
  • Physical therapist may be consulted to work on increasing the strength and flexibility of bones and muscles
  • Weaknesses must be dealt clinically
  • Support the patient to boost his confidence, do not sympathize
  • Making fun of them and passing bullies must be checked

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