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Eczema – Causes and Symptoms of Eczema

About Eczema

Eczema is a skin disease or disorder of the skin, where the skin becomes inflamed or irritated. This condition can effect people of all ages and is most common in infants. On an average, 1 – 2 % of adults and 20% of children are believed to be suffering from eczema. There are many forms of eczema and the most common is Atopic dermatitis. Eczema is not contagious and is partially inherited disease.

Causes of Eczema

Though the exact cause of eczema is not known, doctors believe that there are some factors which contribute to this disease. The expected causes of eczema are:

  • Dis-functioning of the skin – This is the foremost reason to cause eczema
  • Decline in resistance power (weakened immune system)
  • Improper functioning of thyroid glands – This leads to abnormal blood circulation and hence, the skin does not receive enough blood supply
  • Mutation in a particular gene (causes Atopic dermatitis)
  • Other causes include – detergents, deodorants, food products, soaps, jewelery, sweat, clothing, dust dry air etc.

Symptoms of Eczema

The symptoms of eczema are easy to identify since they are clearly visible. It is generally referred as “the itch that rashes”. The signs and symptoms of eczema are:

  • intense itching
  • subsequent red and bumpy rashes
  • rashes burns or itches
  • rashes, if scratched, ooze out pus.
  • thickened plaques seen on adult skin (due to intense rubbing)
  • development of painful cracks
  • appearance of rashes on the flexure of the arms, legs and on the neck of adults and on face and torso in infants
  • itching interferes with sleep.

The infected skin is prone to bacterial infections. Hence, this condition is to be treated as early as possible. In order to treat eczema, it needs to be diagnosed first.

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