Are Children with Working Mothers Equal to Children with Mothers Staying at Home ?
In 2005, a study was conducted by The University of Texas with the aim of finding any developmental problems in children who lived with working mothers. Dr. Aletha Huston revealed that, “The mother is an important source of care, but she doesn’t have to be there 24 hours a day to build a strong relationship with her child”. In the United States it has been found that about 80 % of children age six years or below spend full-time or part-time in out-of-home care centers. This data reveals that there has been a drastic increase in the number of mothers working outside the home. This steady rise has raised concerns about the impact of mothers working outside the home on infants and children. There have been several conflicting answers to this question. However, comparing two different families is like making a distinct comparison between an orange and an apple. Situations in each family differ from each other. So taking views from different people is often unsatisfactory. This is due to the fact that they express their views and thoughts biased by their own situations. Therefore, a solid base with a scientific approach must be followed to make decisions.
There has been a minimal effect on children over their mothers working outside the home, according to research. The impact is often negligible basing on the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the child. This minimal effect is also seen to be faded away over time. Another significant study was performed by Elizabeth Harvey of the University of Michigan. She carried out a research taking around 12,000 young people into consideration. Their growth was studied from their birth until they turned 12 years of age. She utilized research from the National Growth Study to enhance her study. This study helped in revealing the long term impact on the child of a working mother.
A few negative impacts may be seen during the earlier years of the child growth. It is important to note that all such signs of differences disappeared significantly over time. No more effect was seen by the time the child reaches 10 years of age. There was, however, a small matter of concern that arose with kids whose mothers returned to work much sooner following their birth and those whose mothers remained at home. A few of such impacts were seen to linger as the child grew and developed. Mothers who worked outside the home always needed to grow their relationship more and they had to work on it a little harder.