How Prevalent Are Stay-At-Home Dads ?
The concept of stay-at-home dads is gaining speed over time. Though most fathers do not like the connotation a few have taken a step ahead to prove their equality in roles and responsibilities with their women counterparts. People who do not dislike the concept like sharing the role and responsibility with their spouses, while a few are bound by their financial state, and various other situations. Below is shown a list of a few countries showing the prevalence of house-dads.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the count for stay-at-home dads is only about a percent of the total number of fathers or it may be even less. But women count for up to 45 % of their total workforce.
The number of female workforce has increased over a period of 20-years. This shift has resulted in the increase in the number of fathers participating in household tasks which usually is considered the responsibility of the mother. Between the years 1976 to 1998, the number has gone up by 3 %. The average age of house-dads is about 42 years of age in Canada. In October 1990, a bill was passed by the Canadian Govt. granting paid leavefor fathers on account of primary care giving.
In China, the concept of house-husbands is an emerging role. Quite a few of them do not feel comfortable with it. According to them, such a shift in roles may cause changes in the dynamics of traditional Chinese families. In China, men are considered to be the head of their family. Their traditional ideas perceive men as ‘woman-like’ men and make fun of them. Some also are criticized as having too strong a wife.
East Asia –
The SAHDs are not very common in the countries of East Asia. They are traditionally strict about the roles of the genders. But in Japan, one-third of itsmarried male population accepted the role. In April 1992, a bill was passed by the Japanese government for both male and female employees to allow time off after the birth of a child for its upbringing. Since then about 0.16 % of fathers took off from work to raise their children. About 5000 SAHDs were found in South Korea in the year 2007.
Traditionally, such roles are not accepted in India, but it is gradually becoming more acceptablein urban areas. The count is about 3 % of all urban working fathers and 12 % of unmarried Indian men. But the count of women in the labor force is only about 22.7 %.
Muslim nations –
This concept is mostly unacceptable in Muslim societies. They have strict rules about the roles and places of their women. Some also consider the SAHDs as un-Islamic. But those educated and brought up in Western cultures are making it a practice and it is often trendy in young couples.
United Kingdom –
There has been an 83 % increase in the number of SAHDs since the year 1993. More than 200,000 fathers choose to live as the primary caregiver for their children. But here the mothers feel trouble adapting to these roles. They feel that they are being squeezed out from their traditional roles as mothers. They blame the SAHDs of stealing their ‘motherhood’. Most cases of house-husbands have been found to have ended in divorce.
United States –
It was estimated that in the year 2008, about 140,000 married fathers worked at home as the primary caregiver while their wives went out to work. But there has been a decrease in this number in the last two years.