Deaths from Surgical Instrument Infection Can Now Be Avoided

Hospital is a place where people recover from their illness and return home happily. But for doctors and health care people, it is not just their work place, rather it is their second home. It is also home for bacteria and germs present all over the place. They spread infections and, according to an estimate, are responsible for the death of 19,000 people in the United States. Relatives of the dead hold poor hygienic conditions and negligence of the health staff responsible for this.

But there are some bacteria and germs which have become resistant to even powerful disinfectants. These are called the super bugs. German researchers have recently developed (dated January 19th 2010),a germ killer which is potent against super bugs and is fast in action too.

One of the primary reasons for death of patients is infection caused by the surgical instruments. Doctors used these tools to operate the areas of ailment in a patient’s body. During this process, these tools come in contact with the germs and bacteria. After the operation, if negligence is shown or ineffective disinfectants are used to wash these devices, the germs remain in them.

When these same instruments are used to operate on other patients, the germs get another host to spread their disease. Sometimes, such negligence or ineffectiveness of disinfectants costs lives.

The German germ killer works against a range of germs and especially against the Prions. These are some disease-causing chemical substances which rigidly get stuck to the surface of the surgical instruments. Researchers at the Robert Koch Institute in Berlin carried out this research in their Hygiene department. They mixed chemical substance called the alkaline detergent powder with different proportions of alcohol and tested the mixture’s effect on the superbugs of surgical instruments.

It was known from the study that 20 percent of alcohol and alkaline detergent mixture is a potent germ killer. This particular mixture successfully killed all bacteria, germs, fungi and viruses of the surgical instruments. Apart from being effective, the germ killer is cheap and easy to prepare too.

What sets this germ killer distinct from the rest of its class is that it is material friendly too. The chemicals used in disinfectants generally interact with the metal with which the surgical tools are made up of. This causes some undesirable and harmful layers to form on them. Technically, this process is called corresion. But the new germ killer is said to be a revelation in this regard and is expected to change the hospital safety protocols all over the world.

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