How Vitamin D Prevents Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a condition of the bone where it becomes increasingly prone to fracture. Here the material, with which the bones are made up of, decay leaving it soft and brittle. Women are at a higher risk of this bone disease, especially after their menopause. Researchers knew earlier that Vitamin D has the potential to prevent this disease. Their knowledge was mostly based on observation. It was not until 2006, that researchers learnt how this important ingredient in food items is beneficial. This article chronicles, in brief, about the research findings and tries to gain further insight on this topic.
Knowledge Gained from Research:
- The research study was conducted at the National Centre for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Japan.
- Experimental mice suffering from severe Osteoporosis were given this vitamin in the laboratory.
- It was found that vitamin-D inhibited the production of a chemical called c-Fos protein.
- This chemical plays an important role in the development of special cells called Osteoclasts.
- Like any other protein of the body, the c-Fos provide nourishment to the Osteoclast cells.
- The Osteoclast cells are directly responsible for making the bones weak and brittle.
- The research also found that a new Vitamin-D like chemical substance can be a potential drug for treating Osteoporosis.
- Further research in this field is concentrated on the substance called DD281 which can suppress the functioning of c-Fos proteins in the body.
Significance of this Research: According to an estimation, by the year 2050, the worldwide incidence of hip fracture (most common among Osteoporosis patients) is projected to increase by 310% in men and 240% in women. This disease is notorious for being detected lately. There are evidence to substantiate this claim. These reports suggest that, many women with fragility fracture are not properly diagnosed and treated initially. They may be the probable patients of Osteoporosis in the long run.
Sources of Vitamin-D are: Salmon, Mackerel, Tuna fish, Milk, Margarine, Puddings made up of diary products, Cereals, Liver, Egg and Cheese. Sun light is a natural source of this essential vitamin. Exposure of sun light for 10-15 minutes daily, supplies this vitamin adequately.